Known Litters of Cubs by Sow:
Note: Click on the links provided below for blogs, and to view photographs or videos of the sows with cubs each link is associated with. A separate page was added to look up Sows and Cubs by year going back to 1982.
1988: Goatee was identified as an older adult female by S. Fitkin and T. Olson.
1989: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year - one of these spring cubs is believed to be 410 (Chowmane, Cubless, Four-ton). The other spring cub was killed at Brooks Falls by a boar in July 1989. The other spring cub (410) escaped up a tree.
1990: 1 Remaining Yearling - 410 (Chowmane, Cubless, Four-ton) is believed to be this yearling.
2011: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year
2012: 1 Yearling ~ A photo of 39 with her yearling can be seen on page 27 of the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book.
2016: Sow 39 was not thought to be seen in 2016. NOTE: In 2017 it was realized that she was misidentified in the fall of 2016 as sow 171 with 3 spring cubs (many 2016 videos are labeled 171 and 3 spring cubs). This is 39's 2nd known litter. NOTE: In 2017 she was re-identified as bear 153. On 10/3/16 Erie captured 39 and her 3 spring cubs at Brooks Falls. 39's dark cub with a prominent natal collar can be clearly seen. 39 and her 3 cubs can be seen in this Melissa Freels video on 10/21/16. Note the natal collar on the first cub behind her. It can also be seen in 2017. The video is titled 171 but is now known to be 39. This was 39's first known litter.
2017: NOTE: When the 2018 Bear Book was released, it was learned that the bear previously identified as 153 in 2016 was now re-identified as bear 39, "Previously, this bear was misnumbered as bear #153. They are now thought to be the same bear." There will be many 2017 videos on YouTube, Vimeo etc labeled as 153 and yearlings. Those videos are actually bear 39.
Bear 39 returned to Brooks Falls in early July with 3 yearlings. On 7/2/17 Brenda D filmed the family at Brooks Falls (video is not 171 as ID'D). It is early in the season and 153 and cubs are shedding and appear thin. The family can be seen in this 7/3/17 photo by Tina Crowe (photo used with permission) on the bank of the riffles. In a photo taken 7/6/17 by Truman Everts (used with permission), 39 and her yearlings are resting on the south bank, near the bear monitor's chair. NOTE: 39 was misidentified in the fall of 2016 and early in 2017 as sow 171. 39 and her cubs can be seen from 3:54-4:55 in this mid- July video by Graham Bloye. One of the cubs had an unfortunate encounter with a porcupine per the Rangers. The quills are seen in the cub's right front lower leg at 4:22. The cub recovered quickly and had no limp within a few days. On 7/19/17 the 39 family is seen cautiously fishing at Brooks Falls with male bears 32 and 856 nearby, video by st mango. This 7/22/17 post by Brooks Lodge Facebook shows 39 with her 3 yearlings, photo by Kara Stenberg. Karen Perry filmed the 39 family at Brooks Falls (1:32-1:50). The dark cub's distinct natal collar is still present as a yearling (3:01-3:30). Another 7/23/17 video by Scammin shows 39 and her cubs near the treehouse at Brooks Falls. Park visitor Sonja Wieck filmed the 39 family in the summer of 2017. They are seen at 0:21-0:40 and at 1:28-2:05 a 39 cub catches a good sized salmon. 39's cubs have shown good fishing skills for yearlings. On 8/4/17 39 is observed disciplining a cub that wants some of her salmon. Another cub takes the salmon while this occurs, video by flyer 7474. Another 8/4/17 video by Brenda D shows the defensiveness of sows when they feel their cubs are threatened. At the adjusted time stamp of 8:44, a 128 cub is observed alone, the camera pans to 39 and cubs. One of the 39 cubs gets caught in the current, is swept downstream and while trying to climb back is attacked by sow 128. A scuffle ensues between 128 and 39 to protect their cubs. Both families continue fishing after the event. Explore Bears & Bison posted this September, 2017 video of 39 and her yearlings in the riffles. The 39 family is seen at Brooks Falls late in the season, video by flyer 7474, on 9/29/17.
Note: 39 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2018: A sow who resembled 39 was observed during a Play By Play on 7/4/18. Mike Fitz could not give positive identification but if it is 39, she has emancipated her 3 cubs.
2008: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ female 289 is believed to be one of the offspring from this litter. A photo of 94 with one of these spring cubs can be seen on page 28 of the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book.
2009: 2 Remaining Yearlings ~ female 289 is believed to be one of the offspring from this litter. 94 lost one of the spring cubs from this 2008 litter sometime between fall of 2008 and summer of 2009. A photo of 94 with her 2 yearlings can also be seen on page 28 of the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book.
2015: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 2nd known litter ~ Stephen Brkich captured 94 and her 2 spring cubs in this video from September/2015. Elaine G's September 17, 2015 photo of 94 with her 2 spring cubs Martina's September 19, 2015 gif of 94 with her 2 spring cubs Other September 19, 2015 gifs of 94's family group by Martina are found here and here . Video of 94 chasing another bear down the spit to protect her cubs, 9/19/15, video by rossetro. A 10/5/15 video by Mickey Williams shows 94 with her 2 cubs late in the season walking on the spit road.
2016: 94 returned in 2016 with 1 yearling It was thought early in the 2016 season that she had returned with 2 yearlings. She was never observed on the cams or by any Rangers with 2 cubs. 94 and her yearling were mostly observed (video by Micky Williams) on the lower river(video by Martina) and her cub became somewhat independent as the season progressed, often wandering away from 94. 94 and her male yearling can be seen in this Kara Stenberg photo. A video by Cam viewer GreenRiver shows 94 and her cub throughout the 2016 season.
Note: 94 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: 94 is believed to have been seen on 7/9/2017 as a single female. She was observed in September without her male cub who was emancipated.
2018: On 7/15/18 a dark sow with 3 spring cubs was observed on the lower river walking on the spit road and then in front of the viewing platform. She can be seen in this video by Lani H. This sow was not seen again until she appeared on the web cam on 7/20/18, again on the lower river spit road and past the viewing platform with her 3 dark cubs, video by Lani H. On the morning of 7/21/18, Ranger Russ stopped in the chat to announce that this sow was in fact bear 94. This is 94's 3rd known litter of cubs and her 2nd litter of 3. Park visitor Mark Forsyth also filmed 94 and her cubs walking by the lower river platform (1:09-2:11). On 7/28/18 Ranger Russ Taylor posted his photo of 94 and her 3 spring cubs on the spit. During a 8/24/18 text chat, Ranger Russ Taylor shared a photo of 94 and her cubs that was taken on 7/20/18. In this July video captured by Thomas Luley, 94 is seen on the lower river running and pouncing for salmon while her 3 spring cubs follow her on the bank (10:44-11:38). Another Brooks Camp visitor filmed 94 and her spring cubs on the beach, July 2018, video by Costel Necula. 94 and her cubs were mostly observed in the oxbow area, closed trail and the spit during the 2018 season. She was not known to be observed at Brooks Falls. 94 often treed her cubs when she would fish in the oxbow area. On 7/30/18 this behavior was observed at least 3 different times. On one of those occasions (video by Lani H), 94's cubs would not come back down so she climbed the tree to retrieve them. 94 climbs up at 0:19 and comes back down at 2:13 with the 3 cubs following. Watch on full screen. In the month of August, the 94 family was last seen on the lower river and spit area on 8/10/18 in a video by flyer 7474. They then traveled to Margot Creek. When the salmon run has subsided at Brooks many bears travel to other streams and creeks where salmon may still be running. In this September 9, 2018 video by Mereidi Liebner, 94 and her 3 cubs are observed at Margot Creek, approximately 10-12 miles from Brooks Camp. Cam viewer RiverPa who was visiting Katmai happened to witness this event and confirmed the location. Mike Fitz was able to identify 94 and also commented "The behavior also indicates a bear who's highly habituated to the presence of people" as evidenced by 94 closely approaching the boat. 94 and her spring cubs returned to the Brooks area on 9/20/18, video by Lani H. The cubs discovered a broken slat in the bridge gate and explored the floating bridge on a few occasions, videos by Lani H. 94 was frequently seen nursing her cubs on the spit, as seen in this 9/26/18 video by Birgitt Evans.
2016: 128 returned in June, 2016 with 3 spring cubs(photo by Tammy Carmack) her first known litter. Photos of 128 and cubs can be seen in this album (photo by Truman Everts) and here (photo by Anela Ramos). Brooks visitor 13blove13 captured 128 and her 3 spring cubs in a video by the riffles platform, 6/29-7/3/16. This video by Melissa Freels shows 128 and 3 spring cubs at the falls, mid-July. 128's cubs were all different sizes, the largest and smallest were light colored and the medium sized cub was dark. 128 preferred fishing at Brooks Falls in the evening, often times late, and her cubs would sit on either bank, or tree themselves if there was a threat. 128 made the [news] when her 3 cubs were swept over Brooks Falls. 128 was extremely defensive of her cubs if she felt any danger. She took on numerous boars despite their size. These included 32, 83 (video by Mike Fitz) 274, 480, 747, 755, 775 (video by Chandler West Photography) and 856. 128 was also seen defending her cubs against sows 94 and 409 when they appeared to be too close. This 7/7/16 video by former KNP Ranger Mike Fitz demonstrates 128's defensive stance upon encountering 409 and her 2 spring cubs. Mike breaks down the action in this 10/6/16 entry on his blog Wandering at Large. Vaguely Crunchy captured 2 videos of 128 and her 3 cubs in July. The 1st video shows her nursing her cubs and in the 2nd video 128 digs furiously while her spring cubs play. Vaguely Crunchy's excellent blog from their trip includes more photos and narrative. 128 and her growing cubs were observed in this Melissa Freels video on the bank at Brooks Falls in mid September and in another Melissa Freels video on 10/14/16. They were all seen through mid October. Ranger David Kopshever wrote a very informative article about first time Mom 128 on the Katmai Terrane blog.
Note: 128 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: 128 returned to Brooks Camp on 6/7/2017 with 3 yearlings. They can be seen in this Katmai National Park Facebook post. The photographer was not identified and therefore not credited. Photos of 128 and her yearlings can also be viewed in this 6/17/17 Brooks Lodge Facebook post, by Kara Stenberg. Melissa Freels captured this photo of the yearlings on 6/23/17 and the family on 6/24/17. Melissa also filmed 128 and her yearlings on her trip to Brooks Camp (0:04-0:39 with 2 of 3 cubs and 1:54-2:02 with all 3 cubs). 128 can be viewed playing with her 3 yearlings in this 7/3/17 video by Cheryl Burnside and this Karen Perry video from 5:24-5:49. 128 appears to be approaching another bear with a fish as she and her cubs climb the hill behind her. Brenda D filmed the 128 family at the falls on 8/3/17. 128 can be seen fishing the lip while her 2 larger, male cubs explore the jacuzzi area and her smaller female cub stays closer to the platform area. The growing 128 family is observed in late August in an 8/28/17 video by flyer 7474. On 9/1/17 Brenda D captured the 128 family at the falls in 2 videos.The first shows 128 Grazer fishing while her cubs sit under the platform for a play session that includes a fallen tree branch. In the second video the 128 family is seen resting for an extended period of time. A video by Little Adventures taken the first week in September captured 128 and her chubby yearlings by the lower river platform. This 9/24/17 video by Brenda D shows 128 and her cubs searching for fish at Brooks Falls. 128's two larger cubs are male, the smallest cub is female. This fall video by KatmaiBears shows a very plump 128 family wandering through the Valley Road housing area. 128 and her 3 yearlings look healthy for denning.
2018: On 5/21/18 KNP posted on their Facebook page that 128 was seen in recent days with her three 2.5 year old cubs. However a 5/20/18 photo taken by R. Taylor showed her with only 2 cubs. KNP suggested that 128 may have emancipated one of her cubs. A 5/23/18 photo of 128 and 2 cubs was shared by Ranger Russ on chat. Another 5/23/17 photo was posted by KNP on Flickr. Will she emancipate the other 2 or has one cub wandered off. Note: 128's Mother, 408 CC, kept her 2005 litter of 3 cubs until they were 3.5 years old, emancipating them early in the 2008 season. Ranger B. Lutes posted photos of 128 and her remaining 2 cubs in chat on 5/25/18. On 6/1/18 KNP Facebook posted a R. Taylor photo of the 128 and 409 families on the Spit Road. The photo was taken "last week" so it is not known if the families are still intact. A photo of a subadult taken on 6/2/18 was shared on the chat by Ranger Russ. He commented that on 6/1/18 "I saw what appeared to be 128 chasing off a blonde subadult." The subadult resembles 128's smallest cub. It does appear that 128 has emancipated her 2 remaining cubs.
2014: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter ~ Ranger Jeanne's photos of 132 and her 3 spring cubs can be viewed in this album. The 132 family can be seen in this 9/15/14 video by yesitsdonna.
2015: 3 Yearlings ~ RGK captured 132 with her 3 yearlings on July 9, 2015. Park visitor spinalt4pp filmed 132 and her 3 yearlings in a video published on 7/16/15. Anna-Marie captured this video of 132 with two of the three yearlings in July 2015. Amalia Garduno filmed 132 and her very vocal cubs below the platform sometime in July, 2015. On July 20, 2015 KNP&P shared this photo and information about 132 and her 3 cubs.
2016: Three 2.5 Year Old Cubs ~ On the afternoon of June 7, 2016 132 and her three 2.5 year old cubs "walked down the Brooks River and around camp. Bears are extremely food oriented. That was illustrated when, despite obvious stresses, the bears continued to eat grass and horse tails. Even as the family group was hazed out of camp they continued to eat." On the evening of June 8, 2016 132 and her three 2.5 year old cubs were walking along the beach again, but stayed out of camp this time. Dave Shumway captured 132 and her 3 cubs at Brooks Falls on 7/9/16. Will 132 emancipate these 2.5 year old offspring or keep the family group together for another season? 132 has kept her litter of three 2.5 year old cubs through this season, 10/4/16 video by Erie. Bear 132 was also darted (10/4/16 video by Erie) for the DNA study that is being conducted by Ranger Michael Saxton. It was also revealed by a bearcam viewer who has also been a volunteer at Brooks Camp the past two years that 132's "lighter cub" is female.
Note: 132 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: 132 arrived at Brooks camp as a single female having emancipated her three 3.5 year old cubs.
Note: 132 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2018: On 6/30/18 KNP Facebook posted photos by M. Whalen of a sow with 2 spring cubs that were first seen on 6/28/18. Early speculation was that the sow could possibly be 132 who emancipated three 3.5 year old cubs in 2017. If this is in fact 132, she has not had a "gap year." On 7/3/18, Erie captured video of a sow believed to be 132 with 2 spring cubs. They are seen walking along the lower river. During a 7/3/18 live chat with Mike Fitz and Ranger Russ LaValle, Mike Fitz states that he believes this sow to be 132. We get a quick glimpse (2:10-2:13) of 132 and her 2 spring cubs by the cutbank in this video by Valentina Khalimon. This is 132's 2nd known litter. On 7/4/18 Ranger Andrew came to the bear chat to share the sad news that one of 132's spring cubs had been killed the evening before by male bear 856. After chasing male 634 towards the riffles platform area, 856 observed 132 and her cubs, badly injured one cub while 132 tried to unsuccessfully fight him off and then returned to kill the cub. The 2nd cub climbed a tree above the body of it's dead sibling while an injured 132 fled. The cub could be heard crying out while up in the tree. Ranger Andrew's account of the incident and photos can be seen here. On 7/4/18, KNP Facebook posted regarding the death of 132's cub the evening before. WARNING: A photo of the deceased cub and video (video is in the Facebook comments) of the cub bawling in the tree are included in the post. Bear cam chatter Amanda Thompson was a visitor to Brooks Falls from July 1-July 4. She shared her thoughts and photos of the "beautiful little family" that she observed on the lower river, 7/3/18. She did not witness the death of 132's cub. Note: Please ask permission from Amanda before using any of her photos. Ed Mackerrow, a professional nature photographer was also on a visit to Brooks Camp at the same time. Mr. Mackerrow wrote a blog article about the tragic event that he witnessed titled "Infanticide: An Ugly Side Of Nature." WARNING: Ed posts a caution in his blog at a point where you may not wish to read further. On 7/4/18, cam viewers thought they could see a sow with a spring cub in the cutback area of the riffles. Cam viewer Erie captured the sow and possible spring cub in a very zoomed in video. It did appear to be a spring cub with the sow but positive identification could not be made. A 7/6/18 Explore blog post by Mike Fitz gives an extensive look at his thoughts, observations and interpretations of the death of 132's cub and the behavior of male bear 856. On 7/5/17 Ranger Russ came into chat and posted "Ranger Russ here. I've received word from two different rangers who witnessed 132 with one cub. So it does appear that they have been reunited. Hopefully we can get a photograph or you'll see them on the cams soon. It does appear that they reconnected." A short while later two photos were posted of 132 reunited with her remaining spring cub. Erie also was able to film 132 and her cub on 7/5/18 on the lower river. Donald Photography recently visited Brooks Camp and captured photos of 132 and her remaining spring cub on 7/8/18. In the first photo you can see the right upper chest wound that 132 suffered in the attack by 856. Cam viewer Xander Sage captured 132 and her spring cub swimming amongst the salmon in this beautiful GIF from the evening of 7/13/18. Instagrammer Craig Kutella filmed 132 and her cub approximately the 2nd week of July. They are seen by the beach with a Ranger moving visitors into a group and away from 132 and her spring cub. In a late September video, Big Person captured 132 and her spring cub feeding on the lower river. The cub can be seen enthusiastically eating some salmon scraps. Bear cam viewer Deanna Dittloff created this 2018 season video of the 132 family.
2014: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ On July 17, 2014, 171 and her two spring cubs treed themselves in the lower river area ~ 171 lost one of her spring cubs from this litter during the 2014 season. Ranger Jeanne's photos of 171 with her spring cubs. Jim Sawyer video of 171 and her small spring cubs, 0:41-1:04. Video of 171 and her remaining spring cub in September 2014 by Joe Bear Video of 171 and her remaining spring cub by Donna T. Bennett Park visitor Sue Pettersen captured 171 and her remaining spring cub enjoying salmon on 9/22/14.
2015: 171 returned to the Brooks River area on July 11, 2015 as a single adult female. Ranger Mike Fitz discusses 171 returning without her remaining 2014 spring cub at 35:25 into this 9/23/2015 play-by-play.. Since 2015 there has been speculation by some of the cam viewers that the lone 2015 yearling ( now known as 610 ) could be 171's 2014 remaining larger, lighter spring cub. In October 2017 Ranger Jeanne checked the NPS database and found that the bear monitoring database noted the same speculation.
2016: 171 returned to Brooks River with a litter of 3 spring cubs on 7/9/2016, video by Martina. She was very thin and her 3 cubs were quite small. She appeared to be nervous and very hungry. 171's cubs can also be seen in this album, (photo credit: cam viewer Grandmaj). 171 was believed to have been seen in the fall of 2016 with many videos identifying her as such. Note: In 2017 it was realized that this sow was actually 153 with 3 cubs.
2017: 171 was seen returning to Brooks camp on 7/10/2017. She arrived with 2 small yearlings apparently having lost one cub. This Melissa Freels video shows 171 and her yearlings on the day she was first seen. The family can also be observed in this video by Amalia Garduno and another video by Karen Perry (4:20-4:40). A photo of 171 and her yearlings is used with permission of jstducky. It was taken mid-July. This summer/2017 video (6:24-7:58) by Vrishab Kakade shows 171 and her 2 yearlings by the lower river platform. The family is on alert as 409 and her 2 yearlings approach from the water. 171 and her cubs were filmed by the floating bridge grassy area on 8/4/17 by Melissa Freels. An 8/5/17 video by flyer 7474 shows 171 and her cubs traveling along the lower river trail and out to the gravel bar where the cubs have a play session. flyer 7474 captured 171 and her 2 look-a-like yearlings by the lower river viewing platform on 9/11/17. The 171 family is seen on 9/14/17 in this photo by Cam viewer RiverPA/Lee. On 9/18/2017 this snapshot of the 171 family group was captured by cam viewer LeafLady; it appears that one of the 2 remaining yearlings is a male. Cam viewer Green River made a wonderful snapshot video of 171 and her 2 yearlings from July-Sept, 2017.
2018: Bear 171 was observed fishing at Brooks Falls during a 7/9/18 Play by Play. Comments by Mike Fitz indicate this is likely 171. She was seen alone so it is probable that 171 has emancipated her two 2.5 year old cubs.
Note: Believed to be the mother of 402 and 403 Egberta.
1988: 3 Spring Cubs/Cubs-of-the-Year
1989: 3 Yearlings
1991: 3 Spring Cubs/Cubs-of-the-Year
1998 *: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year, believed to be 402 and 403 Egberta
1999 *: 2 Yearlings
2000 *: 209 was observed with her two 2.5 year old cubs, 402 and 403 Egberta
2004: 2 Spring Cubs/Cubs-of-the-Year
2005: 2 Yearlings
2006: 2 2.5-year-olds
* Note: Page 306 (as printed on the actual page) of At The Heart Of Katmai says that on 09/18/2000 "Brown bear family 209 (sow with two yearling cubs) was observed in a boat parked along the shore line of Brooks River in the vicinity of the spit. Two life jackets were reported damaged.".
402's page (35) of the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book says that DNA analysis confirmed that 402 and 403 Egberta are siblings and that these bears share a mother. 403 Egberta's page (60) in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book says that 403 Egberta was first identified as a 2.5 year old subadult in 2000, which is not in agreement with the above noted resource management property damage report 000132 for 09/18/2000. 402's page (44) in the 2016 Bears of Brooks River book says that 402 was first identified as 3.5 year old subadult in 2001, which is in agreement with 403 Egberta being first identified as a 2.5 year old subadult in 2000.
Was the sow with two yearlings observed in the boat in the vicinity of the spit where two life jakets were damaged on 09/18/2000 misidentified as brown bear family 209? If the identification years for 402 and 403 in the Bears of Brooks River books is accurate, 402 and 403 would have been spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year in 1998, and yearlings in 1999. It isn't likely that 209 could have had both biological spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year and also biological yearling cubs in 1999.
On April 19, 2016, Ranger Mike let us know that 209 is believed to be the mother of 402 and 403 Egberta.
1998: 1 Spring Cub / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter
1999: 1 Yearling
2002: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 2nd known litter ~ DNA analysis has confirmed that female 790 Weevil Bear & female 854 Divot are offspring from this litter, 24 BB (Bald Butt) is the father of these offspring.
2003: 2 Yearlings ~ female 790 Weevil Bear & female 854 Divot are offspring from this litter, 24 BB (Bald Butt) is the father of these offspring. 216 and her 2 yearlings are seen in this 2003 photo by Harry Eggens.
2005: 4 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 3rd known litter ~ 216 Marilyn and her 4 spring cubs are the stars in the first four minutes of this video.
2006: 3 Yearlings at 4 PM at Falls on 06/29/06, seen in the evening at Cutbank with only 2 Yearlings. 2 Remaining Yearlings by the end of summer season 2006 ~ A September 2006 photo of 216 Marilyn and one of her yearlings can be seen on page 55 of the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book.
Note: 216 Marilyn has not been observed using the Brooks River area since 2008
1997: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter
1998: 1 remaining yearling from 1997 litter of 2 spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year)
2000: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 2nd known litter ~ male 604 Little & female 608 are two of the three offspring from this litter. The identity of the 3rd cub is not known to the NPS staff. DNA confirmed that 219 One-Toe is the father of 604 Little and 608.
2001: 3 Yearlings ~ male 604 Little and female 608 are two of the three offspring from this litter. The identity of the 3rd cub is not known to the NPS staff.
2004: 4 Remaining Yearlings on 06/29/04. The smallest yearling was separated from the family at Brooks Falls on 06/29 or 06/30 and not seen again afterwards. A second yearling, a male, was lost in July. ~ 2 remaining yearlings are believed to have been successfully weaned in the spring of 2005, however their identity is not known. .
2007: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 4th known litter
2008: 2 Yearlings
2010: 4 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 5th known litter ~ Other photos of 236 Milkshake and her cubs taken by Ranger Roy on July 14, 2010 can be viewed here and here. Katmai National Park & Preserve shared this photo of 236 Milkshake's litter. . 236 and her 4 cubs are seen in this video by Stu Davidson and in this film by John Grabowska. Marciabhoopoe captured 236 and her 4 spring cubs at the lower river platform, July 2010.
2011: 2 Yearlings ~ 236 Milkshake returned to the Brooks River area in 2011 with two remaining yearlings from her 2010 litter of 4 Spring Cubs, but lost both of these remaining yearlings before the end of September 2011
Note: 236 Milkshake was not looking very healthy by September 2011. There was also a lean salmon run in 2011. Her age (early to mid 20's) when she had the litter of 4 spring cubs in 2010, the size of the litter, combined with the lean salmon run in 2011 all could have been too taxing for 236 Milkshake, making her unable to care for and defend the 4 cubs. She has not been observed since departing the Brooks River area in 2011. 236 produced 15 known offspring from 1997 to 2010, earning her the status of the most fecund bear to frequent the Brooks River area when she was last observed.
2015: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter ~ 273 and her spring cub demonstrate what "jaw popping" sounds like in this KNP&P video (listen closely) This 7/16/15 video by Rockatte Bears shows a very nervous 273 and her clinging cub at Brooks Falls. An endearing video narrated and filmed by Donna Archer shows 273 and her playful cub getting in trouble at Brooks Camp, climbing trees and playing. James M McEntyre filmed 273 and her spring cub on the lower river on 8/6/15. This September 2015 video titled 'Just The Two Of Us' by Explore is a wonderful view of 273 and her cub in their first year together.
2016: 273 returned with 1 yearling cub who had grown considerably in size, by the end of the season, Ranger Dave estimated in September that this male yearling cub was the largest of the yearlings around Brooks River and may possibly weigh 200 pounds. Additional photos of 273 and her yearling may be seen in this album, (photo credit: cam viewer Truman Everts), and here (Kara Stenberg photo). Videos of 273 and her cub were recorded by Melissa Freels and Erum Chad. 273 and her cub can be seen playing in this Katmai National Park and Preserve video. 273 and her yearling were the last sow and cub seen on the bear cams in the fall. Cam viewer GreenRiver captured the family in a wonderful video of the 2016 season.
Note: 273 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: 273 was observed at Brooks camp as a single female, having emancipated her 2.5 year old cub. She is seen in this 6/25/17 Melissa Freels video being courted by a bear believed to be 801.
2016: 284 "Electra", is the daughter of 708 Amelia. She looks very similar to her Mom including her large shoulder hump, as seen in this Kara Stenberg photo. 284 returned to Brooks Camp with 2 spring cubs(photo by former Ranger Jeanne KNP), her first known litter. A thin 284 and her 2 cubs were filmed by 13blove13 on a park visit, 6/29-7/3/16, 0:17-0:27. She was usually seen in the riffles or lower river area and occasionally walked past the Brooks Falls platform, video by Amalia Garduno. 284 and her cubs may be viewed in this album. 284 and her good sized cubs can be viewed in this video by Melissa Freels while at the riffles in October. Photos of 284 can be seen on page 47 of the 2017 Bears of Brooks River eBook, available at this link. https://www.nps.gov/katm/learn/photosmultimedia/ebooks.htm Note on 05/17/2015 284 was observed courting with 151 Walker.
Note: 284 was darted for the DNA study
2017: 284 returned to Brooks Camp with 2 yearlings on 5/19/17, photos by Ranger David Kopshever on Katmai National Parks Facebook page. An early season video by flyer 7474 (a typo on the video says 3 yearlings but there were only 2 spring cubs in 2016) shows 284 and her yearlings by the gravel bar, 7/5/17. 284 appears to be fairly thin. They are also seen in this 7/16/17 Brooks Lodge Facebook post, photo by Kara Stenberg. This video by Graham Bloye shows 284 and her 2 yearlings fishing near Brooks Falls, 1:44-2:19. These 7/24/17 videos by Scammin Scammin show 284 and her yearlings in camp and on the lower river. On 7/25/17 284 was observed chasing a subadult with her two yearlings following behind, video by Martina. The playful cubs and 284 are seen in 3 Kara Stenberg photos posted 7/28/17, on Brooks Lodge Facebook. As the season progressed, one of 284's yearlings developed a two toned coat as seen here in a Kara Stenberg/Brooks Lodge Facebook photo. A 2017 undated video by Mel Malinowski shows 284 with her playful cubs on the beach. The 284 family is seen on 8/13/17 fishing in the far pool and sitting on the table rock at Brooks falls, video by Brenda D. At the end of the video you will observe a bit of a sibling spat. Victoria White captured 284 and her yearlings at Brooks Falls for a fishing session on 8/12/17. A 9/4/17 video by Victoria White shows 284 and her yearlings resting under the Brooks falls platform and fishing. On 10/6/17 284 is seen with her 2 yearlings fishing and resting on the island at Brooks Falls, video by flyer 7474. Of interest, in the beginning of the video, 284's Mother 708 is observed sitting under the Brooks Falls platform with her two large 2.5 year old cubs.The family can be viewed in this 10/18/17 Melissa Freels video by the Brooks Falls platform and in this 10/22/17 video by flyer 7474 on a snowy morning.
1998: At least 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
1999: At least 2 Yearlings
2000: Two 2.5 Year Old Cubs
2004: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter. This litter consisted of 1 male spring cub and 1 female spring cub.
2005: 2 Yearlings ~ 1 male and 1 female
2006: 402 was observed on May 27, 2006 with her two 2.5 year old cubs from her 2004 litter, but was then observed without them later in the season.
2007: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ 2nd known litter ~ 402 was observed on July 4, 2007 with this spring cub. 402 soon lost this cub as she was observed on July 8, 2007 without the spring cub. 402 went back into estrus soon after the loss of this cub, and was observed being pursued by several male bears, most prominently 218 Ugly.
2008: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 3rd known litter ~ 402 having a spring cub / cub-of-the-year in 2007 and then again having spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year in 2008 is something not typically observed in the bears that utilize the Brooks River area. Photos of this litter as both spring cubs and yearlings can also be found on the cubs page (page 49) in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book. 402 and her 3 cubs can be seen by the platform at Brooks Falls in this July, 2008 video by ebrewer333. Another 2008 video filmed by Mark Emery shows the family by the Brooks Falls platform (2:36-2:59). A 7/29/2008 Jim Chagares photo of 402 and her 3 cubs was confirmed by Mike Fitz.
2009: 3 Yearlings ~ Casey Anderson was at Brooks Camp in July of 2009 to film for National Geographic when he captured this video where 402 with her 3 yearlings and 438 Flo with her two 2.5 year old cubs appear in the beginning of it. (Note: the names used in the National Geographic video are not the official nicknames used by the park). 402 and her 3 yearlings are seen in this 6/26/2009 video by Forseit (0:00-5:00). Peter Thiemann recorded this video of 402 nursing her 3 yearlings in July, 2009. Ranger Jeanne observed 402's three yearlings at Brooks Falls on July 19. 2009. On 9/18/09 Wholeworldgonecrazy captured 402 and her 3 yearlings in this video.
2011: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 4th known litter 402 and her 3 spring cubs can be seen from 08:24-9:07 in this June/July video by Dan Leffel. ~ In July of 2011, after a prolonged stand-off, 856 separated 402 from one of her spring cubs. Although not captured on the video, 856 eventually returned and killed that spring cub from this litter. The July 31, 2011 post of the blog: My Adventures in Alaska also documents this story. Curiously, 856 was seen mating with 402 in 2010. Therefore, he could have potentially killed his own offspring. Park visitor oliviayhu filmed 402 and her remaining 2 spring cubs. Ranger Jeanne observed 402 with her 2 remaining spring cubs on September 8, 2011. By September 25, 2011, 402 had lost another spring cub from this litter. 402 and her 3 spring cubs from this litter appear in the beginning of this video by Mark Nicholas from July 12, 2011
2012: 402 lost her only remaining cub from her 2011 by spring of 2012, and returned to the Brooks River area as a single female in 2012.
2013: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 5th known litter, video by MsDebbiB, 7/20/13. ~ In July 2013, 402 quickly reacts when two of her cubs wash over the Brooks Falls fish ladder as 402 is attempting to fish the lip of the falls. A 2nd video from Gusty Stambaugh was filmed right after the event and shows the 2 small cubs struggling in the water. A park visitor filmed 402 and her 3 cubs at the falls, on a 7/26-7/27 trip. 402 lost one of these spring cubs in September 2013 when the cub was fatally injured up near Lake Brooks and lost a second cub prior to returning to the Brooks River area in 2014.
2014: 1 Remaining Yearling ~ 402 returned to the Brooks River area in 2014 with only 1 remaining yearling (06:32 & 10:31 into video) from her 2013 litter. In a July photo by Laura Lyn Photography 402 is seen with her yearling on top of the fish ladder by Brooks Falls. This July, 2014 video by 117jmg shows 402 and her yearling at 3:27-3:45 and 4:31-4:50. 402 was separated from this remaining male yearling on multiple occasions in early to mid July of 2014; July 1, 2014 and July 9, 2014 were two of the days those separations took place. 402 was being courted by 856 even though she was caring for her remaining offspring. On July 21, 2014, 856 and 402 were observed mating. The male yearling was an independent subadult for a short period of time after being separated from 402 for the final time on July 9, 2014, and was officially assigned the number of 503 by Ranger Leslie Skora, the bear monitor. 503 was adopted a short time after by 435 Holly and included in the family group with 435 Holly's 2014 female spring cub. On July 25, 2014 Calliope Jane / Tina Crowe observed and photographed 503 with 435 Holly and 435 Holly's female spring cub at Margot Creek. Rangers were able to later confirm 435 Holly's adoption of 503 when 435 Holly was observed at Brooks Camp nursing 503 along with her biological female spring cub. In a 7/20/18 Explore blog, Mike Fitz reflects back on the events surrounding 503's separation from 402. He writes "At the time, and until somewhat recently, I stated that 402 had “abandoned” her yearling (now known as 503). While this might be true in a sense, I no longer think that this is an accurate way of describing the event. After reading more about the emancipation process, I’ve come to believe 402 didn’t abandon her yearling in 2014. She emancipated him."
2015: 4 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 6th known litter ~ On July 8, 2015 402 returned to the Brooks River area with 4 spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year. This is the second time 402 has returned to the Brooks River area with cubs in the year immediately following a previous year when she was also caring for offspring. The 402 family can be seen in this 2015 Donna Archer video (1:48-2:32). On 10/5/15 402 and her plump quads were filmed by the grassy area and lower river viewing platform, video by Victoria White. One of the larger spring cubs from this litter is a male. 402 is one of four bears known to have a litter of four spring cubs in the Brooks River area in the past ten years. 402 and her quads were also observed at Margot Creek in 2015.
2016: 402 returned to Brooks River (6/16/2016 video by Mickey Williams) on 6/14/2016 with 3 yearling cubs (photo by Ranger Anela Ramos) but then was soon seen with only 2-photo by Kara Stenberg. One of the yearlings was lost between 6/17/2016 and 6/19/2016. During a chat, Ranger Dave mentioned that prior to seeing 402 with only 2 yearlings, there was some sort of commotion or ruckus at which point a sow and 2 yearlings went running through camp. Ranger Dave expressed that the sow may have been 402, but whether or not this was the event that caused the disappearance of the 3rd cub is unknown. 402 and her yearlings started to be shadowed by 435's biological 2.5 year old female cub after she was emancipated. It was revealed that the emancipated cub was given bear id# 719 in a live chat with Ranger Leslie Skora on 9/26/16. For the most part, 402 tolerated the presence of 719 and at different times was seen both protecting her from a charge and charging her when she thought her own cub's fish was being stolen. 719 could often be seen playing with one of 402's yearlings. She continued to follow 402 and her cubs all summer and into the fall when they were last seen together. 402 frequently fished the lip at Brooks Falls, often with her larger cub joining her. She can be seen with her yearlings in this early season video by Martina. 402 was also seen at the lower river and had 2 healthy yearlings when seen in early fall, both photos by Kara Stenberg. This Kara Stenberg photo shows 402 with her yearlings resting at the lower river with 719 in the background. Mickey William's 9/20/16 video shows 402 and her cubs at Brooks Falls. 719 can be seen following the family at 4:31. 402's smaller cub is believed to be female and the larger cub is male. Note: from the 2017 Bears of Brooks River profile of 719, "Ironically, 402 is the biological mother of 503, 719's adopted sibling. We cannot know how cognizant 719 was of the events surrounding her development, but brown bears are intelligent. 719 appears to have learned from 503's adoption and applied that knowledge to her own situation. She seems to have identified the risks and rewards of approaching an unknown bear and used that knowledge to give herself the best chance at survival." Will 402 emancipate her 2.5 year old cubs in 2017 and will 719 continue to stay with them?
Note: 402 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
Note: Prior to 2013, 236 Milkshake was the only bear that frequented the Brooks River area previously known to produce five litters of cubs. 402 producing her 5th known litter totaling 12 known offspring between 2004 and 2013, tied her with 236 Milkshake as one of the most fecund bears known to utilize the Brooks River area. In 2015 when 402 produced her 6th known litter of cubs totaling 16 known offspring has now captured the status of the most fecund bear known to frequent the Brooks River area.
2017: 402 was observed by someone at Brooks Camp on 6/11/2017 with her now two, 2.5 year old cubs. The family can be seen in this Katmai National Park Facebook post, photo by Tammy Carmack. 402 emancipated both her cubs approximately on 6/17/17. She was observed driving her cubs away by KNP staff.
2018: Bear 402 returned to the Brooks River on Friday, the 13th of July, 2018 with 4 spring cubs. This is her 7th litter and she has produced 20 spring cubs. It is also her 2nd set of quads, the last being in 2015. 402 has also had litters of triplets 3 times. In a 7/13/18 Explore Blog post titled "Four Cubs for 402 Again", Mike Fitz discusses the challenges and difficulties in raising 4 cubs to emancipation. Ranger Russ shared a photo of 402 with 2 of her 4 cubs and another with all 4 spring cubs ,photos by KNP volunteer M. Whalen. Ranger Russ stopped in chat on 7/15/18 to report that 402 and her 4 spring cubs have been seen in camp. He shared 2 of his photos from 7/14/18. 402 and her 4 cubs are seen wandering through camp in an instagram video posted by Craig Kutella on 7/16/18. Ranger Andrew LaValle stopped in the chat on Wednesday, 7/18/18. He informed chatters that 402 was only seen with 3 cubs that morning and that 1 cub might be missing. At approximately 6:20 pm AK on Thursday, 7/19/18, cam viewers spotted 402 and her 4 spring cubs on the spit (video by erum chad) and also walking by the lower river platform (video by flyer 7474). The family had been reunited to the delight of cam viewers. On Friday, 7/20/18 Mike Fitz was hosting a Disqus chat and posted the following: "Last evening (July 19), 402 was seen near the mouth of Brooks River with four spring cubs. If 402 had indeed separated from one or more of her cubs, then I wouldn’t have expected her to reunited with one or more of them after many hours or days apart. However, it seems even more unlikely that ““402…lost a cub, was reunited with it, then seen with two cubs, and most recently, back with three [now four].” This makes me consider the possibility that her cubs were never missing at all and that staff confused 402 with another mother bear with fewer than four spring cubs. Right now, the only confirmed sightings of 402 that I know of are of her and all four cubs. The information I wrote in my recent blog post about 402 ) was based on one email and I didn’t confirm the email from a second source. If I’ve created any confusion, I apologize. Unless I confirm otherwise, I can only assume 402 was never missing any cubs and the previous reports confused her with another female bear with spring cubs." Bear cam chatter and photographer Kenneth Kearney shared a video on his Facebook page of 402 nursing her 4 spring cubs on the beach, posted on 7/20/18. Kenneth recounted that 402 in fact was separated from one of her cubs for a day. The video and his account of the separation can be seen here. Costel Necula visited Brooks Camp in July, 2018. He captured 402 and her 4 spring cubs on the Naknek Lake beach with 482 and her 3 spring cubs in the foreground. Late at night on 7/20/18 the 402 family can be viewed walking by the lower river platform and entering the water. While 402 finds some salmon to eat the 4 cubs can be seen clinging to and riding on her back, video by Brenda D. On 7/27/18 Ranger Russ Taylor shared a photo of 402's spring cubs that was taken on 7/24/18. In September, Tommy Hays Photography Instagram captured 402 fishing in the river while her 4 cubs float in the current. A videographer by the name of Big Person filmed the 402 family from the riffles platform on a 9/22-9/24/18 visit. 402 can be heard jaw popping which is a sign of stress. In a 2nd video, 402 and her cubs are observed catching and eating salmon scraps by the grassy point area on the lower river (16:33-19:30). The 4 spring cubs posed for photographer Cindy Rocha on 9/26/18. Cam viewer Deanna Dittloff created this 2018 season video of the 402 family.
2005: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ this cub was a male, Ugbert
2006: 1 Yearling ~ this cub was a male, Ugbert
Note: 403 Egberta has not been observed in the Brooks River area since 2008. 403's male offspring, Ugbert, was never observed and recognized as an independent subadult.
408 CC (Crooked Claw):
2005: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ female 128 Grazer is believed to be one of the offspring from this litter
2006: 3 Yearlings ~ female 128 Grazer is believed to be one of the offspring from this litter. 408 CC is seen with her 3 yearlings in this 7/18/2006 photo by NetteBini.
2007: Three 2.5 Year Old Cubs (beginning of video) ~ female 128 Grazer is believed to be one of the offspring from this litter. Tim (his video is linked just above) has photos of his day at Brooks Camp that include 408 with her cubs at this link. In another 2007 video by abenteueralaska, 408 CC is seen with her three 2.5 year old cubs on the lower river, 3:42-4:14 and 5:09-5:19. Identification was confirmed by former KNP Ranger Mike Fitz.
2008: In early May 2008, 408 CC was observed once with her 3.5 year old cubs near the auditorium, but when 408 was observed again she had emancipated her offspring and was a single adult female for the remainder of the season. This is a good example of a sow liberating older cubs without incident (438 Flo is another example of older cubs being liberated without incident).
Note: 408 CC has not been observed in the Brooks River area since 2010
2004: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter ~ 409 was observed with this spring cub latched to her back as she swam across the river. This spring cub is the ORIGINAL VELCRO
2005: 1 yearling ~ Yearling is described in NPS bear ID database as "very large" and engaged in long play bouts with 409. 409 and her yearling are seen in this June 25, 2005 photo by Don Abernathy and this July 14, 2005 photo by Mullen Photography.
2007: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 2nd known litter ~ 409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River area in 2007 with 3 spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year, but was soon observed with only two remaining spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year . Female 130 Tundra & Arctic are two remaining spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year offspring from this litter as seen in this 2007 video.
2008: 2 Yearlings ~ female 130 Tundra & Arctic are the two remaining offspring from this litter. 409 Beadnose raised these two remaining offspring from her 2007 litter through 2008. Arctic was never identified as an independent subadult, however both 130 Tunda & Arctic were successfully weaned. Female offspring 130 Tundra sustained an injury above her eye as a yearling. The injury left a scar which made 130 easily identifiable as an independent subadult in 2009 and in her remaining years going forward. Tundra can be seen in this 7/28/2008 Jim Chagares photo, her scar is clearly visible. This July, 2008 video by Tomasz Bobrowski shows 409 with her yearlings by the lower river platform (1:05-1:16). 130 Tundra is the yearling looking up at the platform with a scar over her left eye. Sadly on July 1, 2014 130 Tundra was found dead near the cut bank along the Brooks River
2013: 3 Yearlings ~ female 500 Indy is believed to be one of the offspring from this litter, 409 Beadnose's 2013 yearlings were different sizes, the largest of the yearlings was a female, the middle sized yearling was a male, and the smallest (runt) yearling was a female. Cam viewer Martina recorded 409 and her yearlings on 6/29/13. Randy Harris captures 409 and her yearlings at 3:04, 3:59, & 4:09 into this video. A July, 2013 video by Eva Thiemann captures 409's three yearlings fighting over a fish.
2016: In this video by Erie, 409 can be seen shortly after returning to Brooks camp with 2 spring cubs, photos by Truman Everts. The 2 spring cubs (only one pictured with 409), photo by Kara Stenberg, were shown to both be female and described by Ranger Dave in the fall to be the largest set of spring cubs he has seen. The 2 spring cubs can be heard bawling and fighting over a fish in this 7/19/16 video by Cam viewer Martina. This occurred during a play by play by Ranger David Kopshever. This is 409's 4th known litter of cubs, video by Amalia Garduno. As a single sow, 409 prefers to fish the lip at Brooks Falls. In this Melissa Freels video, you can see 409 fishing the lip when one of her cubs tumbles off the falls. As 409 goes to check on her cubs, 402 moves into 409's fishing spot with her 2 yearlings in tow. 409 was not seen often at the falls. She was observed more often in the riffles and lower river area. 409's spring cubs looked very healthy and had grown to a good size by the fall. They can be seen in this video ( 1:41-3:10 ) by Erie playing at the gate to the floating bridge.
Note: 409 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: 409 returned to Brooks Falls around 6/20/17 with her 2 yearlings. She is seen in this photo by Ranger David Kopshever nursing her cubs. A 6/21/17 video by Brenda D shows the family in a lengthy fishing session at Brooks Falls. These Melissa Freels photos of 409 and her 2 yearlings were taken on 6/23/17 and and 6/25/17. This summer of 2017 video by John Rayeski shows 409 and her playful yearlings on the lower river, 2:13-2:33. On 7/12/17 Brooks Lodge Facebook posted a photo of the 409 family by Kara Stenberg. In another Kara Stenberg photo, the 409 family can be seen passing by 284 and her 2 yearlings. A wonderful video by Karen Perry captured 409 and her yearlings fishing on the lip of Brooks Falls. They are seen at 2:35-3:00 and 7:32-8:56. This video by Amalia Garduno show 409 and her 2 yearlings sitting in front of the platform by Brooks Falls. flyer 7474 captured 409 and her 2 playful cubs on the lower river, 8/2/17. On 8/3/17, 409 and her yearlings were resting on the lower river when they had a peaceful interaction with 128 and her 3 yearlings, video by flyer 7474. One of her yearlings tends to be very clingy. On 9/11/17 409 is seen resting with one cub by the lower river platform while the 2nd cub scratches and rolls in the grass, video by flyer 7474. 409 is seen following her 2 large yearlings along the beach in the fall, video by KatmaiBears. The family appears to have put on a good amount of weight before going to den. Both yearlings are female.
Note: 409 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2018: In a 5/22/18 post by KNP Facebook, it was announced that 409 was observed at Brooks Camp with her two 2.5 year old cubs, photo by R. Taylor. 409 has been known to emancipate her cubs at 2.5 years old. Will she follow her past behavior or keep her cubs one more year? A 5/25/18 post by Brooks Lodge Facebook shows 409 and her 2 cubs observing a moose on the lower river. The 5/23/18 photo and another was credited to Kulik Lodge's Amy MacEachern. On 6/1/18, KNP Facebook posted a photo of 128 and her two remaining 2.5 year old cubs along with 409 and her two 2.5 year old cubs. The photo by R. Taylor was taken "last week" so it is unknown whether any of these cubs have been emancipated. Per a 6/6/18 Explore blog by Mike Fitz, 409 has emancipated her two 2.5 year old cubs and was seen being courted by 856.
410 Chowmane (1992 ID #175), Cubless (1996 ID #014) Four-Ton (2006 ID #410):
Note: 410 has had at least 4 known litters of cubs:
1996: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year - this spring cub died and 410 was observed burying the cub on the beach. While this is 410's first documented litter of cubs, it is possible that 410 had an earlier litter or earlier litters prior to 1996 as the monitoring program in its current iteration did not exist when 410 was first identified as an independent bear.
1998: 3 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year
2005: 3 Yearlings
2007: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 4th and last known litter 410 and her 2 spring cubs are seen from 5:32-5:48 in this video by abenteueralaska. Identification was confirmed by former Ranger Mike Fitz.A A 7/24/2007 photo by safa2007a shows 410 with her 2 spring cubs.
2016: Note: 410 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: Note: 410 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
Note: 410 has been observed treeing her cubs so she could go out fishing for about seven hours and forget where she parked her cubs. She would go around camp vocalizing and jaw popping at everything that made noise until she found her cubs again. Even at her age 410 still manages to mate every year.. What is not known is if she has cubs and does not return to the Brooks River area with them, or if mating does not result in the cubs.
2003: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ Cub killed by bear 24 BB on 06/27/03 on point of beach in front of Brooks Camp.
2004: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
2005: 2 Yearlings ~ Large yearling was female, other yearling was male.
424 Minnie (aka Mini 410):
2004: 1 Spring Cub
2005: 1 Yearling
2006: 1 2.5-Year-Old
Note: 424 Minnie is not included in any of the Bears of Brooks River books. Here are some life history / ID marks & hints on 424... 424 was 1st identified as a subadult in 2001. She was identified at Brooks Camp every year through 2012, though sometimes she was only seen in the fall. In 2005 she was first described as resembling 410. In 2012 she was described as blonde, with blonde round ears. Her muzzle is described as short and blocky, and her eyes were described as close set and sleepy. It seems to be her muzzle and profile that looked similar to 410.
2002: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year
2003: 1 Yearling
2010: 1 Yearling
2013: 1 Yearling
2017: Note: 425 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2006: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ male 89 Backpack is the offspring from this litter
2009: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ On June 30, 2009 814 Lurch chased 435 Holly and her spring cub. 814 Lurch quickly overpowered 435 Holly and killed this spring cub. WARNING: This KNP video may be disturbing to watch.
2014: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ this spring cub was a female Did 435 Holly adopt 503, 402's abandoned yearling, on or before July 25, 2014? Calliope Jane / Tina Crowe observed and photographed 435 Holly with her spring cub and 503, 402's former yearling together at Margot Creek, but was this firm evidence that a rare adoption had taken place? On September 5, 2014 435 Holly returned to the mouth of Brooks River with her biological spring cub and 503, the once abandoned yearling. The family group returning together provided firm evidence that an adoption had taken place. On September 27, 2014 the two cubs of this family group were observed play fighting out in the river and on the shore . On September 28, 2014 when 435 Holly was observed nursing the yearling (503) there was certainly no doubt that the first documented adoption at Katmai's Brooks River had taken place. For whatever reason... these bears ARE family (the bear that can be seen diving for fish in Naknek River in this video is 402, 503's biological mother). Life has certainly changed for 503, 402's biological yearling that found himself abandoned on July 9, 2014, and then managed to find a way to be protected by his adoptive mom, 435 Holly.
2015: 1 Biological Yearling (female) & 503 (male), her adopted 2.5 year old cub from 402's 2013 litter of spring cubs. 435 Holly returning to the Brooks River area on June 2, 2015 with both her biological female yearling and her adopted 2.5 year old male cub (503) was exciting for all of those that had followed this amazing and rare adoption story.
2016: On May 21, 2016 KNP&P District Interpreter, Ranger Anela Ramos, and SCA Intern, Ranger David Kopshever observed 435 Holly with her 2.5 year old biological cub and 503, her 3.5 year old adopted cub . 435 emancipated both her 2.5 year old biological cub and her 3.5 year old adopted cub 503 in the first week of June. 435 Holly was observed being courted by 747 on 6/12/16, video by Ranger Anela Ramos. Note: The video was originally misidentified as 32 courting 435. You can read about 435, the emancipation of her cubs, subsequent courtship by 747 and her progression through summer and fall in this Katmai Terrane post by Ranger David Kopshever.
Note: 435 was successfully darted for the DNA study.
2017: 435 was observed on 6/30/17 with 2 spring cubs. This is her 4th litter but her first with more than one cub. The 435 family was seen on the spit in a photo by Ranger Anela Ramos and also in a Brooks Lodge Facebook/Kara Stenberg photo. They were observed on the lower river in two videos by Erum Chad on 7/1/17. In the first video, 435 Holly appears to be very hungry in searching for fish. As her cubs run to keep up with her, Rangers are rapidly clearing the corner and gravel bar of visitors to give her plenty of space. In the second video the same day, she is seen digging in search of fish or other food and passes by the lower river bridge platform. On 7/4/17 Brenda D captured the 435 family on the lower river. At 10:27 the 2 spring cubs appear to be by themselves. They are alerted to danger at 12:35 when a sow with 3 yearlings approaches them from the gravel bar. As is their instinct, they flee the danger. The cubs are seen by themselves for the rest of the video but were reunited with 435. The 435 family was filmed by Karen Perry resting and playing on the beach (1:07-1:30). A subadult, probably newly emancipated, is seen behind and following 435 and her cubs. 435's very playful cubs are seen on the spit with 435 on 8/3/17, video by Brenda D. On 9/6/17, Melissa Freels photographed 435 and her 2 cubs by the beach. One of the cubs is now very blonde while the other is a dark brown. 435 Holly is seen with her dark cub here and her blonde cub here, both photos taken by Melissa Freels on 9/6/17. Melissa also filmed the 435 family on her Brooks Camp visit, seen from 0:57-2:37. Cam viewer and park visitor Lee captured photos of the 435 family and the spring cubs on 9/16/17. On 9/17/17 435 and her cubs are seen on the grassy area by the lower river platform. The blonde cub is seen dragging a very long tapeworm behind it. The tapeworm eventually breaks off. It is not uncommon for Brooks bears to acquire tapeworms due to their raw salmon diet, video by Brenda D. In a fall video by KatmaiBears 435's adorable cubs are seen gently playing near the lower river platform. 435 Holly and her very plump cubs can be seen fishing at Brooks falls on 10/6/17, a subadult is seen nearby, video by Melissa Freels. Both cubs are female.
Note: Prior to 2016, 435 Holly has had three known litters of cubs in eight years and each time 435 has had one spring cub / cub-of-the-year. In 2017, 435 Holly returned with two spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year, her 4th known litter, and her 1st known multiple cub litter.
Note: 435 was successfully darted for the DNA study
2018: On 6/3/18, Ranger Russ posted a photo of a just seen 435 and her 2 yearlings in chat, photo taken by Ranger Kristen. Holly can be seen playing with one cub while the 2nd cub is behind foliage to the left of the frame. Ranger Russ returned to chat on 6/7/18 and shared another photo of 435 and her 2 cubs taken by Ranger Anela. On 6/17/18 Ranger Russ reported that 435 and her 2 yearlings were seen in camp. Photos show her one dark and one blonde cub who are both female. On 6/20/18, 435 and her yearlings made an appearance at Brooks Falls. The family could be seen eating grasses and briefly exploring the far bank. Video by Martina. Park visitor and cam watcher Truman Everts captured 435 and her 2 yearlings on a visit to Brooks Camp, 7/6/18 (photo used with permission). During a 7/11/18 Play by Play, both cubs were confirmed to be female by Mike Fitz. Cam viewer Deanna Dittloff created this 2018 season video of the 435 family.
Note: 438 Flo was first classified as an adult female in 1999, but older NPS records suggest that 438 Flo was likely raising yearling cubs in 1997. 438 Flo's first confirmed litter of cubs was in 2002 and her second confirmed litter was in 2007.
1996: At least 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year (suggested by older NPS records)
1997: At least 2 Yearlings (suggested by older NPS records)
1998: One 2.5 Year Old Cub (suggested by older NPS records)
2002: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 83 Wayne Brother & 868 Wayne Brother are two male offspring from this litter. A photo of two of these spring cubs can be found on the cubs page (page 49) of the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book.
2003: 3 Yearlings ~ 83 Wayne Brother & 868 Wayne Brother are two male offspring from this litter. 438 Flo discovers she and her 3 yearlings are being followed by another bear in this video by Eric Jones This 7/6/2003 photo by Randy Harris is believed to be 438 and her 3 yearlings.
2004: Three 2.5 Year Old Cubs ~ 83 Wayne Brother & 868 Wayne Brother are two male offspring from this litter. A photo of these three 2.5 year old cubs is also on page 49 of the 2014 Bears of Brooks RIver book. (The link is just above with the 2002 info on this litter)
2007: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 274 Overflow is believed to be a male offspring from this litter
2009: Two 2.5 Year Old Cubs ~ 274 Overflow is believed to be a male offspring from this litter. See video above under 402 for 2009 that 438 and these two cubs also appear in. Ranger Roy's July 16, 2009 photo of 438 Flo with her two 2.5 year old cubs can be viewed here .
2010: Two 3.5 Year Old Cubs ~ 274 Overflow is believed to be a male offspring from this litter ~ On July 14, 2010 , 438 Flo and her two 3.5 year old cubs were observed "pirating" from an adult male. 438 Flo emancipating these then 4.5 year old cubs of Brooks River early in the 2011 season is a good example of older cubs being liberated without incident.
Note: 438 Flo has not been observed in the Brooks River area since 2013 when she was last observed as a single adult female. More of Ranger Jeanne's photos of 438 Flo with her 2009 and 2010 cubs can be viewed in this album.
2015: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter. Yulia Napalkova filmed 451 and her cubs on 10/5/15 on the lower river. On October 7, 2015, JBirdyHome captured this footage of 451 with all 3 of her spring cubs on the Explore live cam , one of the last times (if not the last time) the entire family group was observed together. By October 21, 2015 sow 451 was observed with 2 remaining spring cubs; and on that day one of her remaining spring cubs, a female, was observed stumbling as it walked . On October 23, 2015 , sow 451 lost a second spring cub from this litter when the female spring cub expired in view of the live cam as a result of being infected with CAV-1 . When last observed in the Brooks RIver area during the 2015 fall season, 451 still had one remaining spring cub from this litter. Both remaining family group members appeared in good health at that time. Their return to the Brooks River area in 2016 is an event that is anxiously awaited.
2016: 451 was never officially identified in 2016. On 7/25/16, Ranger Dave filmed an injured bear at the lower river platform who some thought could be 451. On 7/29/16, 128 Grazer was seen defending her cubs (not seen in the video by Mango) against a bear who appeared to have a right rear leg injury/limp similar to the bear seen on the 7/25/16 video. Amalia Garduno also captured this incident. This bear was also speculated to be 451. If this was 451 in either video, she was not seen with her remaining cub which would have been a yearling in 2016.
2017: 451 returned to Brooks Falls on 7/7/17 with 3 spring cubs, both photos by Ranger Anela Ramos. This is 451's 2nd known litter. One cub is noted to be very small. 451 and cubs can be seen in this 7/9/17 Melissa Freels video on the lower river. One of 451's cub can be seen riding on her back. 451 stops to nurse her cubs and then passes by the lower river platform. 451 has a known old injury to her back right leg. In the video, you can see her limping at 8:17. At 11:03, you can see how she rests her right rear foot in a distinct way. 451 and 2 of her 3 spring cubs (one is out of the frame) are observed in this Kara Stenberg photo on Brooks lodge Facebook, posted 7/21/17. The family is seen on 7/21/17 at the lower river, video by Brenda D. Brooks visitor and Cam viewer Scammin Scammin captured 451 and her 3 spring cubs on 7/24/17 during a visit to Brooks Camp. The 3 energetic cubs and 451 can be viewed in this 7/25/17 video by Cheryl Burnside.The 451 family was seen in the riffles on 7/31/17 in a video by flyer 7474. 451's known right rear leg injury is apparent in this 2017 video by Parker Wachs. On 9/16/17, Cam viewer and park visitor RiverPA/Lee photographed 451 and her thriving cubs at the lower river. KatmaiBears filmed the family on the lower river in the fall. The smallest cub is seen eating salmon scraps along with its bigger siblings.
2018: 451 was seen with 3 yearlings on 6/30/18. This BrendaD video shows the family on the lower river and spit area. 451's known right rear foot injury is apparent. In a 7/14/18 photo by Patricia Bauchman, the 451 family is seen in the Riffles area. On the same day, Lani H captured the family on the Low Cam. 451 and her yearlings appear fairly thin and apprehensive while at Brooks Falls. 451 does not appear to have the skills to catch fish and resorts to "pirating" from subadults. The family group can be seen on 7/15/18 and 7/17/18 pirating fish from a subadult and an unknown bear, both videos by Lani H. Mike Fitz was quoted in a 7/20/18 Explore Blog post that "451 is a bear who has rarely visited Brooks Falls. In past years and much of this summer so far, we were much more likely to see her in other places along the river. She’s familiar with the river and its salmon, but fishing at the falls may be a skill she never developed. This might be why she’s more apt to scavenge/steal from other bears. Typically, the bears hovering on the fringes of the falls do so because they can’t compete for fishing spots at the falls, don’t know how to fish there, or find too much competition to fish." This 2018 season video of 451 and her 3 yearlings was created by cam viewer Deanna Dittloff.
1999: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year
2001: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ female 708 Amelia is believed to be an offspring from this litter
2002: 2 Yearlings ~ female 708 Amelia is believed to be an offspring from this litter
2007: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ 468 Reggie and her spring cub can be seen on page 38 of the 2012 Bears of Brooks River book
2008: 1 yearling
Note: 468 Reggie was last observed in the Brooks River area in 2009
4 Known Litters of Cubs per page 50 of the 2016 Bears of Brooks River Book
2000: At least 2 Spring Cubs /Cubs-of-the-Year
2001: 2 Yearlings
2004: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
2005:: 3 Yearlings (see 477 Sara NPS photo Album Ranger Jeanne's flickr) ~ In a 2005-2006 DNA study done by wildlife biologist Tamara Olson, paternity for these 3 yearlings was assigned to 219 One-Toe (also identified with temporary bear ID # 492).
2006: 3 2.5- Year-Olds
2008: 3 spring cubs, all later ID'd in 2010 as independent 2.5 year olds and given the following bear numbers: #251, #253 and #261 (F)
2004: 2 Yearlings
2006: 482 was not observed
2007: 3 Spring Cubs, NPS photo provided by former Ranger Mike Fitz.
2010: 2 Spring Cubs
2011: 1 Remaining Yearling
2012: 2.5 Year Old Cub
2015: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 4th known litter . Charlotte Gobben's July 10, 2015 video of 482 Brett and her 3 spring cubs can be viewed here. BirdyGirly's July 10, 2015 video of 482 Brett with her 3 spring cubs can be viewed here. Cam viewer, RGK was at Brooks Camp on July 10, 2015 when he captured 482 Brett and her 3 spring cubs along the Brooks River.
2016: 482 was not observed in 2016.
2017: Bear 482 was thought to be seen by bear cam viewers between the dates of 7/7/17-7/16/17 on the lower river. If this was in fact 482 she was observed without cubs. There were numerous photos and videos posted in the bear chat but 482 was not observed by the Bear Monitor and therefore not on the list of bears that were seen by her in 2017. Photos, videos and other information regarding these sightings were posted by bear cam viewers and can be found on 482's Wikipedia Bear Book page. Note: 482 was not observed by the bear monitor on 3 occasions so is not listed on her Bears Seen page and therefore not officially seen in 2017.
2018: On 7/14/17 a sow with 3 spring cubs was observed on the lower river spit area. This sow had a striking resemblance to bear 482, who had not been officially seen since July of 2015 when she arrived with 3 spring cubs and was only observed from 7/10-7/11/15. The sow and her 3 cubs are seen in this 7/14/17 video by Ratna Narayan as they walked and rested on the spit. Brenda D also captured the sow and her 3 spring cubs on 7/14/18 as they walked down the spit road and passed by the lower river platform. One of the cubs is a mocha color unlike spring cubs who are usually dark brown. On 7/15/18 Ranger Russ Taylor stopped into the bear chat to share his photo of the sow taken that morning and said "I think 482." This is 482 Brett's 5th known litter which has produced 13 spring cubs. In a 7/15/18 video by Erie, 482 and her cubs are seen walking the spit road to the grassy knoll and then passing by the lower river bridge gate. Also on 7/15/18 KNP Facebook posted 3 photos of 482 and her cubs taken on the spit, NPS photos by R. Taylor. It will be interesting to follow 482 to see if she remains at Brooks Camp with her spring cubs or only stays for a short time as she did in 2015. Instagrammer doughnutdoug posted 2 videos of the family by the lower river platform on 7/20/18. Brooks Camp visitor Costel Necula captured 3 videos of 482 and her 3 spring cubs in July, 2018. 482 is seen nursing her cubs on the beach, resting by the spit road and standing by the Naknek Lake shore. 482 and her cubs were not observed in August. It was surprising to see her return in September and also that her mocha colored cub was now almost white. This Instagram photo by Marco Ronconi shows the striking color of the cub. Bear cam viewer Deanna Dittloff created this 2018 season video of the 482 family.
2015: Arrived in fall with 3 spring cubs, but was not identified at the time. 504's ID was unknown as described by Ranger Mike Fitz during a live play-by-play from the Lower River, 55:30-1:05:00 on 9/24/2015. If you listen carefully you can hear 504 huffing and jaw popping as described by Ranger Mike. Bears make these sounds when they are agitated or nervous. A photo of 504 and her 3 spring cubs was taken by Laura Lyn Photography in Fall, 2015. Cam viewer Mickey Williams captured 504 and her 3 cubs on 10/17/15 at Brooks Falls. The family was also seen 10/25/15 on the lower river in a Margaret St Clair video. 504 was not observed by Ranger Leslie on 3 different occasions and therefore an ID was not positively provided in 2015.
Note: 504 received her bear ID number in 2014.
2016: 504 returned with only 2 yearling cubs often dubbed "salt & pepper" or "yin and yang". 504 was very thin when she was first seen, video by st mango on 7/24/16. Identity of the sow was finally provided by Ranger Leslie during a Ranger chat (23:29-24:30) on 9/26/16. She was given the nickname of Charge by the Rangers due to her propensity to charge visitors, Rangers and other bears. The 504 family is seen in this 8/10/16 video by st mango and a 8/28/16 video by Cheryl Burnside. 504 and one of her 2 yearlings are seen in this Kara Stenberg photo from September, 2016. The family can also be viewed in a 9/4/2016 video by Ratna Narayan, before 504's identification was known. Cam viewer and Brooks visitor viewsnortheast posted 2 photos of 504 and her yearlings from her 9/9-9/11/16 visit. In each photo, one of the cubs are out of frame. 504 and her yearlings appeared to have put on a good amount of weight when seen in this 10/18/16 video by Cheryl Burnside and this 10/21/16 video by Erum Chad. 504's dark cub is male. Gender of the lighter cub is unknown.
2017: 504 was observed at Brooks Camp as a single female having emancipated her two 2.5 year old cubs.
2018: On 8/2/18, bear 505 was observed at Brooks Falls with 2 spring cubs, her first known litter, video by flyer 7474. 505 is approximately 10-12 years old and was first identified as an adult in 2014. Not much is known about her before then. She has consistently been seen at the Brooks River every year since then, usually arriving in early July and not being seen later than early August. In 2014 and 2015 she was noted to be inexperienced in catching fish and would resort to begging, stealing and occasional lip fishing. By 2017 she became more proficient at lip fishing and was seen often at Brooks Falls in the month of July. Both on 8/2 and 8/3/18 505 and her 2 cubs were seen on the far bank of the river with 505 very cautiously watching her cubs and catching fresh fish and scraps. She would often take her family up the hill and under a tree to eat her fish and then nurse her cubs. This 8/3/18 video by flyer 7474 shows the 505 family in a fishing session at Brooks Falls. The last 2 days that 505 was observed with her 2 spring cubs was on 8/4 (video by Lani H) and 8/5/18 video by Erum Chad. In both instances she was observed at her usual spot downstream of Brooks Falls with her cubs close by. Brooks Camp visitor Gitta Thorboll Kristensen filmed the family in an early August visit (3:03-3:38). An Instagram photo by TP Garland shows 505 with her 2 cubs, date unknown. 505 has not been observed in the fall. Given her absence since early August, it is likely that 505 will not be seen with her cubs again until the summer of 2019.
2006: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
2010: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
Note: 608 has not been observed in the Brooks River area since 2010
2002: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
2003: 2 Yearlings
2006: 2 Yearlings
2008: 1 Spring Cub
2006: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st and only known litter
2007: 2 Yearlings
2008: Two 2.5 Year Old Cubs2016: 700 Marge was seen at Brooks Falls on 7/5 (photo by Mike Fitz) and 7/6/16 but no cubs were observed.
2008: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year ~ 1st and only known litter ~ 284 "Electra" is a female and 708 Amelia's only known offspring. A 7/28/2008 Jim Chagares photo was confirmed by Mike Fitz as 708 Amelia and her spring cub now known as 284.
2009: 1 Yearling ~ 284 "Electra" is a female and 708 Amelia's only known offspring. 708 Amelia and her yearling, 284 "Electra", can be seen on the lower river wildlife viewing platform side of the river in this video
2010: One 2.5 Year Old Cub ~ 284 "Electra" is a female and 708 Amelia's only known offspring
2015: At least 2 spring cubs. 708 was not observed in 2015 but arrived with 2 yearlings in 2016.
2016: 708 arrived at Brooks Camp with 2 yearlings(photo by former KNP Ranger Mike Fitz). She was not seen with spring cubs in 2015. 708 and her yearlings were observed at the falls (video by Melissa Freels) in mid October and they all appeared to have put on significant weight for denning.
2017: 708 returned to Brooks with her now two, 2.5 year old cubs in early June. Will she emancipate them or keep them one more year? 708 and her 2 cubs were seen fishing at Brooks Falls on 6/23/17, video by Arlene Beech. The 708 family was observed in a lengthy play session at the lower river on 7/8/17, video by Brenda D. A July, 2017 video by Amalia Garduno also shows them by the riffles. 708 and her cubs can be seen in an Explore Blog post (below) by Ranger David Kopshever. Scroll down to see the Tammy Carmack photo. On 7/11/17 one of 708's cubs makes a comical attempt to swat down fish on the lip. 708 and the 2nd cub sit on the bank and watch, video by Pitchey. They can also be seen in this Brooks lodge Facebook post dated 7/16/17, photo by Kara Stenberg. As of 7/17/17, it does appear that 708 will be keeping her cubs one more year. She did keep her previous single cub until she was 3.5 years old. On 7/18/17 in a Brooks Lodge Facebook post, 708 and her cubs are viewed on the cutbank, photo by Kara Stenberg. The 708 family was seen at the falls on 8/22/17, video by Brenda D. This 9/8/17 Melissa Freels photo, used with permission, shows the family still together. In September, 708 and her large cubs were seen by the lower river platform in a video by Lee, used with permission. Lee also captured the family in a 9/16/17 photo, 708 being to the far right. 708 and her cubs practiced "pirating" late in the season. They found the subadult unofficially known as Little Lip Fisher to be an easy target and would wait for her to catch a salmon and make their move. This September video by Explore Bears & Bison shows the subadult dropping her fish, the 708 cubs searching for it and one of them sliding off the falls in the aftermath, a bit of karma. 708's cubs can also be seen pirating fish from Mom, at least twice in this video by Melissa Freels on 10/5/17. These two 3.5 year old cubs will need to learn to catch their own fish in 2018 as they most likely will be emancipated. Another Melissa Freels video shows 708 and her large 2.5 year old cubs fishing at Brooks Falls on 10/21/17. In this 10/22/17 video by flyer 7474, sow 708 is seen close up and with much detail. A 10/26/17 video by flyer 7474 captured the family from the riffles cam. These cubs are almost as big as their Mom. 708 is the darkest of the 3.
2018: On 6/22/18, Mike Fitz posted in chat that 708 had been seen at Brooks falls on 6/21/18 without her cubs who would now be 3.5 years. 708 was seen with fresh wounds and hair missing from the back of her neck which could be a sign of recent mating, comment and photo by Mike Fitz . On 9/14/18 Ranger Russ Taylor confirmed in chat that 708's emancipated cubs are 1 female and 1 male. Ranger Tammy Carmack observed both of them at least 3 times in her July monitoring sessions.
2017: On 7/22/18, former Ranger Jeanne replied to a comment in the chat concerning a sow that chatters thought has resembled an unidentified sow who was seen with a yearling in 2017. Jeanne posted a photo of the sow and yearling that was taken from the July 2017 bear ID binder at Brooks Camp. 803 and her yearling are believed to have been seen on 7/31/17, video by Melissa Freels and on 8/1/17, video by flyer 7474. Bear cam chatter Martina also shared a collage of 803 and her cub from 7/31/17.
2018: A sow resembling 803 was observed during a 7/10/18 Play by Play by Mike Fitz and Ranger Andrew. Another July video by Costel Necula looks very much like 803 (0:49-1:08). If this is her, she has emancipated her 2017 yearling.
813 Nostril Bear:
2014: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter . More of Ranger Jeanne's photos of 813 and her 3 spring cubs can be viewed in this album A 9/3/14 photo by Sue Erickson captured 813 and her 3 spring cubs. 813 and 2 of her spring cubs are seen in this 9/22/14 photo by Sue Pettersen. It is unclear from the photo if there is a 3rd cub. One cub was lost from this litter between fall of 2014 and spring of 2015. 813's identification was confirmed by Mike Fitz.
2015: 2 Yearlings ~ 813 lost one of her cubs from this litter between fall of 2014 and spring of 2015. In 2015 813 Nostril Bear returned to the Brooks River area with 2 remaining yearlings from her 2014 litter of 3 spring cubs. This early July photo of 813 and her 2 yearlings is used with permission from Tina Crowe.
2016: 813 was not observed on the cams or by Ranger Leslie in 2016.
2017: 813 was not observed on the cams or by the bear monitor in 2017.
2018: On the evening of 7/21/18 a sow and 2 spring cubs were observed on the bear cam swimming on the lower river and then walking along the path behind the bridge gate on the far side of the river (video by Lani H). The sow appeared to have a possible deformity to her left ear. Ranger Andrew stopped in chat on 7/22 to announce that this bear had been identified as 813 Nostril Bear. This is 813's 2nd known litter. She was not observed in 2016 or 2017. In response to a question during a 7/27/18 text chat, Ranger Russ Taylor discussed the possible injury to 813's left ear and possibly her head. Bear Monitor Tammy Carmack had observed that something may have happened that was possibly also affecting the right side of her face and perhaps her jaw. Bear 813 has not been observed since that date, 7/21/18. Ranger Russ also shared a photo of 813 and her 2 spring cubs in the chat that was taken on 7/21/18. He commented "Ranger Russ here, following up on a request for a photograph of 813 during yesterdays chat. Here's the photograph of 813. It was made from behind. We have not seen her since she walked this way past the campground." Ranger Russ posted a photo and commented on 813's injury in chat on 7/30/18. He also shared a photo of 813 walking with her 2 cubs along the beach. You can clearly see a difference in size between the right and left ears. Also there is quite a size difference between her 2 cubs. Was there a middle sized cub that was lost at some point? Both photos were taken on 7/28/18. Park Wonders posted photos of 813 and her 2 spring cubs from a July, 2018 visit.
2005: 2 Spring Cubs ~ "818 was first classified in 2005 as an apparently young adult female. She had a litter of" 2 "spring cubs that year and was described as inattentive to them. One cub was found dead near the falls in late July."
2007: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ male 151 Walker & female 152 are believed to be the offspring from this litter
2008: 2 Remaining Yearlings ~ male 151 Walker & female 152 are believed to be the offspring from this litter. More of Ranger Jeanne's photos of 818 and her 2008 yearlings can be viewed in this album.
Note: 818 was last observed in 2010
2013: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ~ 1st known litter. Could this be 854 Divot and her 2 spring cubs in this September 5, 2013 video by David Thibault that was recorded at the head of Brooks River, upstream of the falls ? The sow and two spring cubs at the beginning of this video by Matt Hirt may possibly be 854 Divot and her two 2013 spring cubs.
2014: 2 Yearlings ~ 854 Divot lost one of her yearlings from this litter sometime after July 12, 2014. 854 Divot was observed with the snare around her neck and only one remaining yearling by Calliope Jane / Tina Crowe at 11:02 am on July 24, 2014 along Naknek River between Naknek River Camp and Big Creek. One of Calliope Jane / Tina Crowe's pictures of 854 Divot and her remaining yearling from July 24, 2014 can be seen on page 48 of the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book . On July 28, 2014, 854 Divot (with the wire snare around her neck) and her remaining female yearling returned to the Brooks River area. Over the next three days Katmai National Park mounts a mission to save her from the wolf snare.
2016: 854 returned in 2016 with 3 spring cubs as first identified by Ranger Daniel (photo by Ranger Daniel) and Ranger Michael during a live chat on 9/1/16, video by Erie. She was previously identified (screenshot by Mazey) on the cams on 8/2/16 but was not observed with her 3 cubs, video by Mango. They were probably hidden off camera or had been treed. Cam viewer and Brooks visitor viewsnortheast captured this photo of 854 and her spring cubs by the lower river viewing platform, 9/11-9/13/16. On 9/11/16, 854 was observed by the lower river platform, video by Brenda D and screenshot by Grandmaj. 854 was last seen in the fall with all 3 healthy cubs. Her mid size blonde cub was determined to be a female.
2017: 854 returned to Brooks Camp on 7/5/17 with her 3 yearlings, photo by Tina Crowe used with permission. She is seen mid July in this photo by Scott HM, used with permission. Scammin filmed a playful 854 with her 3 cubs on the beach, 7/23/17. This Karen Perry video shows 854 and her cubs on the Brooks River (4:53-5:02) and at the beach (9:20-9:28). On 8/4/17 Brenda D filmed 854 and her 3 yearlings at the falls.They can be seen climbing down the hill, fishing behind 153 and her 3 cubs (in the foreground) and climbing up and down the falls. 854 and her cubs ventured to the falls again on 8/29/17 for a lengthy fishing session, video by Brenda D. A 9/6/17 photo and a September video by Melissa Freels shows the Divot family by the boat cove and playing on the beach. In this September video by Lee, you can clearly observe the neck scar on 854 that was caused by a wolf snare (see 2014 video above). Her cubs appear to be bawling, possibly over a fish. Lee also photographed the family by the lower river bridge on 9/15/17. Video and photograph by Lee used with permission.
2018: On 6/19/18 854 was observed alone at Brooks Falls. It appears that she has emancipated her three 2.5 year old cubs. Video by Martina.
2006: 2 Spring Cubs
Note: Sister was given a lip tatoo of #991 by Will Troyer in 1978. Later, Sister was tagged with #1001 and #1002.
1982: 2 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year
1983: 2 Yearlings
Note: On June 14, 1983 bear 991 Sister was destroyed for defense of life and property as a direct result of people acting carelessly. The two yearling cubs were hazed away and left the area.