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856

Adult Male ~ Most dominant bear from 2011 - 2016, 2018-2020

Year First Identified: 2006 as a young adult

Offspring Of: Not known

Genetics Study Samples Obtained: 856 was successfully sampled in 2006 by former wildlife biologist Tamara Olson who obtained a hair sample. Ranger Michael Saxton attempted to dart 856 in 2016, the attempt was unsuccessful. There was no darting attempt in 2017.


Contents

Identification:

2014 Bears of Brooks River book: 856 is a large adult. He has a uniform brown and grizzled coat. His ears are blonde and wide-set. His forehead is wide, furred, and has a noticeable shed pattern in July. His face and front legs may have numerous small scars. Like 747 "Colbert" and 814 Lurch, he is one of the largest bears that regularly uses the Brooks River.

2015 & 2016 Bears of Brooks River book: 856 is another very large bear. He has a uniformly brown and grizzled coat, his ears are blond and wide-set, and his forehead is wide and furred. He also has a noticeable dorsal stripe in July. His face and front legs may have numerous small scars.

Meet Bear 856 video by Mike Fitz, Resident Naturalist with Explore.org.: "Only the biggest and most assertive bears have the opportunity to ascend to the top of the bear hierarchy.

Eight-five-six is a very large adult male with a uniformly brown coat and light-brown ears. In early summer, he has a noticeable stripe of thin fur running from his head to his back and numerous scars and wounds are visible on his head and neck. Behaviorally, he is quite bold and assertive toward other bears."

Meet_Bear_856_-_Bears_of_Brooks_Falls_by_Resident_Naturalist_Mike_Fitz_iwth_Explore.org

Meet Bear 856 - Bears of Brooks Falls by Resident Naturalist Mike Fitz iwth Explore.org

Distinctive Behaviors:

2014 Bears of Brooks River book: Unlike most bears, 856 is often seen repeatedly licking his lips while he fishes the lip and walks around Brooks Falls.

2015 & 2016 Bears of Brooks River book: Like 814 Lurch, 856 is often seen repeatedly licking his lips while he fishes and walks around Brooks Falls. 856’s behavior and mere presence often has a cascading effects on the behavior of bears at Brooks River. Dominance over other bears confers many advantages. .

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Life History:

2006:

856 was initially classified as a young adult in 2006 and assigned his bear monitoring number. Since then, he has been one of the largest, and most dominant bears along the river. Most other bears, including 747 "Colbert" and 814 Lurch, typically yield space to him.

July 2006:

2007:

July 2007:

On July 20, 2018 Mike Fitz shared this photo of 856 (left) with 6 Headbob/Bullet (right) on the lip of Brooks Falls in July 2007:

August 2007:

2007.08.03: Mike Fitz shared a 8/3/2007 photo of 856 in chat on 5/25/2021. "This is an NPS photo of 856 on August 3, 2007."

2008:

September 2008:

2008.09.21: Ranger Roy Wood's photograph of 856. 856 (left) and 747 (right) playing in this photograph by Ranger Roy Wood.

2009:

June 2009:

July 2009:

2009.07.??: Brooks camp visitor hahatry captured this July, 2009 video that features 856 in the jacuzzi, 6 Headbob fishing the lip, 480 Otis (near on the left) and 16 Cinnamon (near on the right). Identification of these bears was made by Mike Fitz on 2/22/2021. Mike's comment: "Yes, that is 856 in the jacuzzi, 16 Cinnamon is waiting for 480 Otis's leftovers at center bottom. 6 Headbob is on the lip.

Upper_falls_at_Katmai_National_Park

Upper falls at Katmai National Park

July 2009 video by hahatry


2010:

856 and 402 mated in 2010.

July 2010:

2010.07.??: Park visitor, Marcia Bernstein captured this video of 856 eating his fish in July 2010:

Yum.MOV_856_July_2010_by_Marcia_Bernstein

Yum.MOV 856 July 2010 by Marcia Bernstein

2010.07.??: 856 can be seen fishing in the jacuzzi in this July 2010 video by taichu99. 194 is the bear on the lip. 634 Popeye and 234 Evander are fishing below the falls (near to far from 856). Mike Fitz provided the identifications of the bears in his January 28, 2020 11:41 comment .:

阿拉斯加_肯邁國家公園_棕熊等鮭魚_(周台珠拍攝)_July_2010_by_taichu99-2

阿拉斯加 肯邁國家公園 棕熊等鮭魚 (周台珠拍攝) July 2010 by taichu99-2

There appears to be 3 blogs by the same park visitor that include photographs from their July 2010 visit to Brooks Camp: Day 1 Blog , Day 2 Blog & Day 3 Blog .

2010.07.??: Phil Schultz shared this July 2010 photo of a bear, possibly 856, on 6/19/2020. (See 2nd photo). Mike Fitz commented on the photo on 6/22/2020. "The bear in the second photo looks like it is probably 856. Not 100% sure on that one though, just 90%."

Please request PhilSchultz's permission prior to using his photographs!

2010.07.08: 856 mated with 402 on the evening of July 8, 2010. 402 also mated with 218 Ugly on the same evening. Brooks Camp's July 9, 2010 tweet .:

September 2010:

2011:

July 2011:

856 managed to separate 402 from one of her spring cubs; he later returned and killed it. (The video below does not show 856 killing the cub.)

856_separate_402_from_one_of_her_spring_cubs_July_2011-0

856 separate 402 from one of her spring cubs July 2011-0

Mike Fitz commented on July 20, 2018 at 10:55 and 11:30 about this incident:

It is unclear why adult males will sometimes kill cubs as the cub is not always eaten (also see 814 Lurch). In this instance 856 and 402 mated in 2010. Therefore, it is possible 856 killed his own offspring. More information about infanticide is available on page 10 of the 2018 Bears of Brooks River book: Cub Killer? Infanticide in Bears:

2012:

856 was included in the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook :

856 and 402 mated in 2012.

July 2012:

2012.07.06: 856 can be observed courting 744 Dent at 4:20 into this video by endoplasmic1357:

Alaska_20120706_17_Bear_cub_at_Brooks_Falls

Alaska 20120706 17 Bear cub at Brooks Falls

On April 11, 2017, Mike Fitz commented at 08:15 and identified the bears in the above video by endoplasmic1357.

September 2012:

2013:

Over the past several years, 856 has not yielded space or resources to any other bear at Brooks Falls. Even other very dominant males, like 747 "Colbert" and 814 Lurch, yield space to him.

June 2013:

856 was observed courting and mating with 450 . Explore.org created this highlight video of the courting and mating couple. On February 21, 2018, Mike Fitz provided cam viewers with the ID of 450 in the Explore highlight video.:

The_Chase_-_June_Mating_at_The_Riffles_450_&_856_June_2013_Explore_Documentary_Films-0

The Chase - June Mating at The Riffles 450 & 856 June 2013 Explore Documentary Films-0

July 2013:

2013.07.??: July 2013 Flickr NPS video by Mike Fitz. 856 chases 814 Lurch away. 856 then displays his dominance by cowboy walking and rubbing on trees.

2013.07.27: Park visitor Eiji Takeshima capturd this close up video of 856 eating a fish near the island below the falls and then returning to the jacuzzi to fish some more.:

2013_0727_Katmai_National_Park_Brown_Bear_Eating_Salmon_at_Brooks_Falls_by_Eiji_Takeshima

2013 0727 Katmai National Park Brown Bear Eating Salmon at Brooks Falls by Eiji Takeshima

2014:

856 was included in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book on page 28:

Over the past several years, 856 has mated with several adult females. In Katmai, most male bears do not have the opportunity to mate with females until they are in their early to mid teens—an age when they are large enough to compete other adult males for access to females. However, the hierarchy can change quickly, even within the same season. Therefore most bears, like 856, are adapted to take advantage of their position in the hierarchy.

2014 Season:

In early season 2014, 856 was observed appearing to attempt to court 402; but 402 still had a yearling cub in her care.

Tim Auer captured some great photographs and wrote a blog abuot his observations of 856 with 402.

June 2014:

Late June 2014 - Early July 2014:

2014.06.29 - 2014.07.05: 856 was observed courting 708 Amelia the week prior to July 12, 2014.:

An NPS photo by Ranger Michael Fitz appears in the July 15, 2014 Katmai Terrane blog: Being Dominant . Ranger Jeanne commented on July 12, 2014 that 856 was courting 708 Amelia last week (which would have been between June 29, 2014 and July 5, 2014).:

July 2014:

In July 2014, 856 spent considerable time courting females. Consequently, he was noticeably skinnier than 747 "Colbert" or 814 Lurch by the end of that month. 856 continued his soap opera-like relationship with 402. While she was still caring for a yearling cub (now identified as 503 Cubadult ) from her 2013 litter, 402 apparently went into estrus, abandoned the cub, and after an extended courtship period of 11 days she mated with 856.

2014.07.?? (2014.07.09 possibly): 856 separates 402 from her yearling (now known as 503 Cubadult) in this video by park visitors laddnshirl.

856_separates_402_and_her_yearling_(503)_July_2014_video_by_laddnshirl

856 separates 402 and her yearling (503) July 2014 video by laddnshirl

2014.07.??: 410 being courted by 856, July 2014 video by Joan Wallner.

2014.07.07: Laszlo Molnar captured 7/7/2014 video of 856 courting 708 at Brooks Falls. The pair can be seen from 5:20-6:17.

Brooks_Falls_Grizzly_viewing

Brooks Falls Grizzly viewing

Video by Laszlo Molnar

2014.07.11: 856 is still following 402 and the whereabouts of 402's remaining male yearling (503) is not known. Ranger Mike Fitz comments on 07/11/2014 at 12:28 about what has been observed of 402, her remaining male yearling (503), and 856 from 07/09/2014 - 07/11/2014:

Ranger Mike also shared this 07/11/2014 KNP&P blog: Surprises of the Bear World by Ranger Mike Fitz.

2014.07.12: NPS photo by Ranger Michael Fitz of 856 eating a fish from the July 15, 2014 Katmai Terrane blog: Being Dominant .


2014.07.13: Ranger Jeanne comments that she has no new information on 402's remaining yearling (503), but she has observed 402 twice this morning being pursued by 856. Ranger Jeanne said that 402 is ranging about half mile down river from the falls since she observed 856 pursuing 402 in the oxbow area. When asked if in her experience she would say that 402's remaining yearling was on his own to survivie, Ranger Jeanne replied that she has never seen a sow without one of her cubs for such a long period of time and then experienced them reuniting. Ranger Jeanne said she has also never observed a male bear pursue a female in the way that resembles courting while she still had a dependent cub. She said she observed 402 quite a bit this weekend, but never with her cub. She said it does not necessarily mean that the cub is definitely on its own, but Ranger Jeanne did not personally see them together.:

2014.07.14: 856 was observed mating with 708 Amelia. There was a video by Hermosa Paul on youTube, but youTube deleted it beacuse the words bear porn appeared in the title of the video. Mike Fitz did confirm the identification of the two bears in the video prior to it being deleted .


2014.07.15: Katmai Terrane Blog: Being Dominant by Ranger Mike Fitz

HermosaPaul captured video of 856 posted on 7/15/2014. 856 is seen catching a fish in the jacuzzi and taking it to the island to eat.

Browns_Bears_of_Katmai_National_Park,_Alaska._Catch_fish,_video_by_HermosaPaul

Browns Bears of Katmai National Park, Alaska. Catch fish, video by HermosaPaul

2014.07.17 - 2014.07.21: Park visitor, Tim Auer captured some incredible photographs of 856 and 402 during his trip to Brooks Camp. Tim wrote a blog: Katmai After Hours: The Story of 856 and 402 where he also shared some of the images he captured.

2014.07.21: After a courtship that lasted approximately 12 days, 856 mated with 402 near the falls.

September 2014:

2015:

856 was included in the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book on page 68:

Juergen and Martina created this video in March of 2015 of 856 (Juergen) singing to 128 Grazer:

856_and_Juergen_singing-0

856 and Juergen singing-0

2015 Season:

Volunteer in Park Anna-Marie AZ captured this video of 856 courting 410. 2015.??.??: Madeleine Rose captured video of 856 at Brooks Falls at multiple points in this 2015 video. 856 can be seen at 0:11, 0:26, 1:06 and 3:25.

'Bear_Necessities'_at_Katmai_National_Park,_2015_video_by_Madeleine_Rose

'Bear Necessities' at Katmai National Park, 2015 video by Madeleine Rose

June 2015:

856 was observed courting 410 Four Ton in June 2015. Explore.org created this highlight video :

Bear_856_Pursues_Female_Bear_410_-_Brooks_Falls_Alaska_-_Live_Cam_Highlight-0

Bear 856 Pursues Female Bear 410 - Brooks Falls Alaska - Live Cam Highlight-0

Explore also created this 2015 highlight video of 856 trying to stay awake while guarding a napping 410, but he ends up blowing bubbles in the river.

Sleepy_Bear_-_Brooks_Falls_-_Live_Cam_Highlight

Sleepy Bear - Brooks Falls - Live Cam Highlight

856 trying to stay awake while guarding a napping 410, but he ends up blowing bubbles in the river. June 2015 by Explore.org

2015.06.26: Love and Rejection ~ Bear 856 in hot pursuit of Bear 410, 6/26/2015 video by 12gizmo16. 410 takes a nap in the middle of being courted and 856 chases 747 off in this video.

2015.06.30: Volunteer In Park Anna-Marie AZ captured these photos (#1 & #2) of 856 courting 410.:

Please request Anna-Marie's permission prior to using her photographs!

July 2015:

2015.07.??: Baby peas shared July, 2015 photos of 856 in chat on 2/21/2021, #1, #2, #3 and #4. "856: “I can go in and I can go out. I own this place!” July 2015. "Alternate views of 856 for wiki." Baby peas shared this July 2015 photo of 755 ScareD Bear (top) and 856 (bottom) on 3/10/2021. Please request Baby pea's permission prior to using her photographs!

2015.07.??: Park visitors, Ron & Linda Klein captured this photograph of 856 guarding a napping 410 on the North side of the Brooks River downriver of Brooks Falls (Goof_N posted 2020.01.19 09:35 ).

Please request Ron & Linda Klein's permission prior to using their photographs!

2015.07.??: 856 and 410 photo by Laura Lyn Photography.

2015.07.??: Volunteer in Park Anna-Marie AZ captured this video of 856 courting 410.

2015.07.??: "Bears of Brooks Falls-meet Four Ton, 410 and lover 856", July 2015 video by Helga Clephas. 856 is seen courting 410.

2015.07.01: 856 courting 410 Four-Ton video by Mso Belle

Courting_Pair_in_Lake_Naknek_July_1,_2015_by_Mso_Belle-0

Courting Pair in Lake Naknek July 1, 2015 by Mso Belle-0

2015.07.02: 856 courting 410 near lower river gif by IslandDunesGal .

2015.07.04: Volunteer In Park Anna-Marie AZ captured this photo of 856 courting 410.: Please request Anna-Marie's permission prior to using her photographs!

2015.07.12: 856 and who(? 289 maybe) mating video by MsDebbiB:

856_mating_with_unknown_female_(?289_maybe)_July_12,_2015_video_by_MsDebbiB

856 mating with unknown female (?289 maybe) July 12, 2015 video by MsDebbiB

Later the same day, Martina captured this video of 856 still courting the same female (? 289 maybe):

Explore_org_Bearcams_Brooks_Falls_07-12-2015_856_courting_who_(?_289_maybe)_video_by_Martina

Explore org Bearcams Brooks Falls 07-12-2015 856 courting who (? 289 maybe) video by Martina

2015.07.18: Victoria White's 7/18/2015 video of 856 courting 410.

2015.07.24: 856 and 435 Holly interaction photographs by Mike Fitz posted February 10, 2017::

Please request Mike Fitz' permission prior to using his photographs!

435 Holly going after 856. Holly's nearby cubs are 503 (darker coat, adopted) and 719 (lighter coat, biological). 7/24/15 video by markindify (aka Martina).

Explore_org_bearcams_435_Holly_BF_7-24-15,_video_by_Markindify

Explore org bearcams 435 Holly BF 7-24-15, video by Markindify

2016:

856 was included in the 2016 Bears of Brooks River book on page 79:

2016 Season:

Cam viewer, Sunny captured these snapshots of 856 during the 2016 season (snapshot #1 , #2 , & #3 ).:

https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/a9cc7693a75aa3a479af86fb03b2b536c75d807709c4d1185ceb125fd7f57a4c.jpg

June 2016:

2016.06.14: 856 NPS photograph by Ranger Daniel Lombardi.:

After June 23, 2016: 856 was grazered by 128 Grazer during the 2016 season. Park visitor Kevin Lee captured this video during his 2016 trip to Brooks Camp. 856 being grazered by 128 Grazer can be seen from 10:28 - 11:18 into Kevin Lee's video:

Naknek,_Alaska_2016_by_Kevin_Lee-2

Naknek, Alaska 2016 by Kevin Lee-2

Carol Gray Photography was there at the same time and captured multiple photos. Click the > to see the sequence of 11 photos. 856 looks at least twice if not three times as big as 128.

Park visitor Theresa Bielawski witnessed the 128 Grazer/856 altercation and shared a series of photos in chat on 4/17/2021. Theresa commented "One more group of pics promised on the book club meeting. Here is what "Being Grazered" looks like. It was pretty terrifying because it happened so fast and he just came unsuspectingly down the trail. He is so much larger than her and could have easily probably killed her or seriously injured her, at least. Afterwards she sat at the base of the tree her cubs were in still huffing & jaw-popping. It is pretty amazing to hear. She had a couple of puncture wounds on her face and a gash on her chest - 2 pics of little Peanut trying to make mom feel better a couple hours later when they took a nap right by the treehouse. This was July 2016." Theresa's photos of 128 Grazer and 856, #1,#2, #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, #8, #9, #10 and #11. Theresa's photo of 128 Grazer's chest wound and photo of 128 Grazer with spring cub 902. It is uncertain if the wound was a result of the altercation or happened previously.

Please request Theresa Bielawski's permission prior to using her photographs!

2016.06.24:

856 and 814 Lurch video by Ratna:

Polite_chat_between_Lurch_and_856_6_24_2016_by_Ratna

Polite chat between Lurch and 856 6 24 2016 by Ratna

14:5x: 856 displaces 814 Lurch video by Mickey Williams:

2;5?_pm_June_24,_2016_856_chases_814_Lurch_away_from_Falls_Katmai_National_Park_and_Explore_by_Mickey_Williams

2;5? pm June 24, 2016 856 chases 814 Lurch away from Falls Katmai National Park and Explore by Mickey Williams

2016.06.29: 856 and 435 Holly splash and dash down the riffles video by Arlene Beech:

Holly_and_856_go_bouncing!_Brooks_Falls._29_June_2016_by_Arlene_Beech

Holly and 856 go bouncing! Brooks Falls. 29 June 2016 by Arlene Beech

July 2016:

Park Visitor and cam viewer, Scammin captured photographs of 856 during his July 2016 trip to Brooks Camp. Scammin shared this photo on March 3, 2019 at 08:46 and this photo at 08:48 .

2016.07.01: Brenda D captured video of 856 and 480 having a disagreement, 7/1/2016.

07.01.2016_-_856_and_480_Otis_have_a_Discussion,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.01.2016 - 856 and 480 Otis have a Discussion, video by Brenda D

2016.07.06: "Everyone moves for 856", 7/6/2016 video by Brenda D. 480 Otis and possibly 700 Marge move as soon as 856 heads their way.

07.06.2016_-_Everyone_moves_for_856,_video_by_Brenda_D-0

07.06.2016 - Everyone moves for 856, video by Brenda D-0

2016.07.08: 89 Backpack is following 289 when 856 arrives and 89 runs off, video by Brenda D, 7/8/2016.

07.08.2016_-_Love_is_in_the_air_-_856,_289,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.08.2016 - Love is in the air - 856, 289, video by Brenda D

2016.07.12: Brenda D captured 7/12/2016 video of 856 scaring 410 and then 747 running her off.

07.12.2016_-_856_scares_410_then_747_runs_her_off,_C'mon_leave_her_alone!_Video_by_Brenda_D

07.12.2016 - 856 scares 410 then 747 runs her off, C'mon leave her alone! Video by Brenda D

2016.07.13: 480 Otis is in the jacuzzi and distracted by 747 and a female disagreeing in the far pool. 856 carefully sneaks up behind 480 Otis and scares him, 7/13/2016 video by Brenda D.

07.13.2016_-_480_Otis_in_the_jacuzzi_and_856_scares_him,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.13.2016 - 480 Otis in the jacuzzi and 856 scares him, video by Brenda D

2016.07.15: 856 waits on the bank to court 289 who is more interested in fishing, 7/15/2016 video by Brenda D.

07.15.2016_-_856_waiting_on_his_girl_289_to_fish,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.15.2016 - 856 waiting on his girl 289 to fish, video by Brenda D

2016.07.22: On June 9, 2019 GreenRiver created this video that incorporates 402 with her 2 yearlings (811 & 812), 719, and 856 from July 22, 2016. GreenRiver shared this information about her video.:

"I was bored this afternoon, so I made this quick little ditty, “ Suspense at Brooks Falls 2016”. I started watching the bear cams three years ago in 2016 so this will be my fourth season. This is one of the most memorable times from that first season. When 856 started after 402 and cubs and was sniffing them out by the observation deck at the falls, I was terrified, especially when he came right up to stare into the camera! I screamed and jumped a mile. The Camop said she did too. Can’t help but wonder about the people who were there that day. Yikes! 402 and the cubs went one way and 719 went the other. I never noticed it at the time but 812 seemed to know something was going on in the woods across the river because he was looking in that direction and he was right! I can’t wait to see what memorable times we will have this season. Nothing bad I hope."

Suspense_at_Brooks_Falls_by_GreenRiver

Suspense at Brooks Falls by GreenRiver

This video by angerboda captures the July 22, 2016 close-up footage of 856 after 402 with her two yearlings (811 & 812) and 719 had departed the area as 856 approached.:

856!_07.22.2016_by_angerboda

856! 07.22.2016 by angerboda

2016.07.14: Erie's video of 856 having a stroll on the Spit Road .....he was in a "smelling the flowers" mood, thank goodness. At the 1:50 mark a park visitor has no idea just how close he came to the areas most dominant boar. At 3:00 we see 719 and 503 together shortly after emancipation.:

856_-_503_&_719_today_spit_road_2016-07-14_by_Erum_Chad

856 - 503 & 719 today spit road 2016-07-14 by Erum Chad

2016.07.26: 856 needs a Snickers. 856 and 775 Lefty have words. Brenda D commented that "856 has been aggressive all night" in this 7/26/2016 video.

07.26.2016_-_856_needs_a_Snickers._856_and_775_Lefty_have_words,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.26.2016 - 856 needs a Snickers. 856 and 775 Lefty have words, video by Brenda D

September 2016:

2016.09.07: In Brenda D's 9/7/2016 video, 747 is back left, 480 Otis is back right and 856 is by the fallen log (the hole).

09.07.2016_-_747,_856,_480_Otis_-_No_Other_Explanation_Needed,_video_by_Brenda_D_d

09.07.2016 - 747, 856, 480 Otis - No Other Explanation Needed, video by Brenda D d

2016.09.14: 856 and 747 disagree, 480 Otis plays it cool video by Lyn Gulbransen.:

856_and_747_disagree._480_Otis_plays_it_cool_09_14_16_by_Lyn_Gulbransen

856 and 747 disagree. 480 Otis plays it cool 09 14 16 by Lyn Gulbransen

2016.09.15: 856 video by Ratna:

Unbelievable!_747_goes_after_Mystery_bear_at_the_falls_then_displaced_856_from_the_J_Sept_15,_2016_by_Ratna

Unbelievable! 747 goes after Mystery bear at the falls then displaced 856 from the J Sept 15, 2016 by Ratna

747 and 856 have words in the jacuzzi video by Brenda D: (turn on your sound for this one)

09.15.2016_-_747_and_856_Have_Words_in_the_Jacuzzi_by_Brenda_D-0

09.15.2016 - 747 and 856 Have Words in the Jacuzzi by Brenda D-0

2016.09.17: 856 charges a bear up the hill, 9/17/2016 video by Brenda D.

09.17.2016_-_856_Charges_a_Bear_up_the_hill,_video_by_Brenda_D

09.17.2016 - 856 Charges a Bear up the hill, video by Brenda D

2016.09.18: 856 video by Ratna:

856_Veni,_Vidi,_vici,_I_came,_I_peed,_I_scratched!_ergo_I_am_Caesar_err_856!_09_18_2016_by_Ratna

856 Veni, Vidi, vici, I came, I peed, I scratched! ergo I am Caesar err 856! 09 18 2016 by Ratna

2016.09.19: 856 in the jacuzzi, 9/19/2016 video by Brenda D.

09.19.2016_-_856_in_the_Jacuzzi,_video_by_Brenda_D

09.19.2016 - 856 in the Jacuzzi, video by Brenda D

October 2016:

2016.10.02: 856 Late Night at the Falls, Late Night at the Falls video by Brenda D 10/2/2016.

10.02.2016_-_856_Late_Night_at_the_Falls,_video_by_Brenda_D

10.02.2016 - 856 Late Night at the Falls, video by Brenda D

2017:

856 was included in the 2017 Bears of Brooks River book on page 81:

2017 Season:

Xander-Sage captured this snapshot of 856 during the 2017 season. Sunny captured these snapshots of 856 during the 2017 season (#1 & #2 ).:

856 along the banks of the Brooks River in 2017 NPS photo :

GreenRiver created this 2017 slide show video documenting A Fallen King of Katmai :

"856, Brown Bear of Katmai National Park, Alaska. A powerful bear. The reigning dominant bear for quite a few years. One of the scariest bears on the river, if not THE scariest, in my opinion.

In 2017, the ordered world of Brooks River’s “bear town” was turned upside down when he showed up on camera at Brooks Falls, injured and limping. He could no longer hold his top position in the bear hierarchy. Until 747, second in the hierarchy, showed up extremely late and asserted his position as “king”, a bit of chaos ensued. 32 Chunk took over as the dominant bear but was, in my opinion, too “nice” to hold it. Popeye, also wounded and limping, was unable to establish dominance. On a number of days, the sows took over the falls, and it was overrun by cubs and subadults.

In the spring of 2018, bear cam watchers held their breath as they waited to see what would happen that season. The Katmai rangers indicated that, once having fallen from the top, it was very unlikely a bear would ever be able to regain his position as the dominant bear.

But, once again, our Brooks River bears broke the “rules”. 856 came back with a vengeance. He physically challenged the huge 747 and won, thus reestablishing his dominant position. Throughout the 2018 season he continually proved his top place in the bear hierarchy, even once to an unfortunate extreme.

856 was again the reigning dominant bear. Will he hold onto that position in 2019? The brown bear cams will tell the tale.

Here is a slide show video I made in 2017 when he fell from the top.

Music "Nexus Code" by Steve Everitt (Magisto license)."

856_-_A_Fallen_King_of_Katmai_(But_still_a_Bear_to_be_reckoned_with)_2017_by_GreenRiver

856 - A Fallen King of Katmai (But still a Bear to be reckoned with) 2017 by GreenRiver

July 2017:

2017.07.04: 856 video by babsgrabs that shows 856's limp.:

856_limp_2017_07_04_07_40_37_by_babsgrabs

856 limp 2017 07 04 07 40 37 by babsgrabs

2017.07.05: Harry Purcell captured this photograph of 856 (right) with 32 Chunk (left).

2017.07.08: 856 in early 2017 when he appeared to be somewhat disabled: This is a long video, but you can click on a few spots on the timeline to get an idea of how 856 was moving. At 24:30, 856 is near the island and then goes upstream to a spot below the far pool/fallen tree. He eventually goes to the far pool and office area, and then downstream before exiting up the far bank. Most of the footage from near 18:40 and later is of 856. 7/8/2017 (Explore Recorder video ) (24:30 start)

Bear_Cam_-_Brooks_Falls_Cam_07-08-2017_08_00_08_-_08_59_59_Explore_Recorder

Bear Cam - Brooks Falls Cam 07-08-2017 08 00 08 - 08 59 59 Explore Recorder

Shel also shared these snapshots (#1 , =#2 & #3 ) of 856 on July 8, 2017 (p 03/14/2020 10:30 ).:

Brenda D's 7/8/2017 video of 856 from the island to the office to the hill. KCanada commented on 2/21/2021, "BrendaD’s recording of an unwell/injured 856 on July 8, 2017 where you can see at the beginning and end of the video how much trouble he was having in moving around."

2017.07.13: 32 Chunk intimidates 68 (not 856) video by Melissa Freels: Note: 68 was mis-identifed as 856 early in the 2017 season. Correction by Mazey, 2/12/2020.

32_Chunk_intimidates_856,_July_13,_2017_by_Melissa_Freels-0

32 Chunk intimidates 856, July 13, 2017 by Melissa Freels-0

32 Chunk displaces 68 (not 856) from the office video by Brenda D.: Note: 68 was mis-identified as 856 early in the 2017 season. Correction by Mazey, 2/12/2010.

07.13.2017_-_32_Chunk_displace_856_from_the_Office,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.13.2017 - 32 Chunk displace 856 from the Office, video by Brenda D


2017.07.17: 856 displaces 480 Otis video by Brenda D:

07.17.2017_-_856_moves_480_Otis_video_by_Brenda_D

07.17.2017 - 856 moves 480 Otis video by Brenda D

32 greets 402 and 856 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):

32_Greets_402_and_856_July_17,_2017_by_Flyer_7474_(aka_SteveCA)

32 Greets 402 and 856 July 17, 2017 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

2017.07.19: 856 is submissive as 32 Chunk approaches him on 7/19/2017. Note: 856 was speculated to be injured or ill in 2017 as he was not his dominant self as the #1 boar. As 856 backs away he is bluff charged at 00:33 by an unknown sow and her 3 yearlings (now known to be female #39), video by st mango.

856,_32_&_Unknown_Sow_with_3_Yearlings_2017_07_19,_video_by_st_mango-0

856, 32 & Unknown Sow with 3 Yearlings 2017 07 19, video by st mango-0

2017.07.20: Cam viewer and Brooks Camp visitor ElaineDE captured photos of 856 on 7/20/2017 and posted them in chat on 3/8/2020, #1, #2, #3 and #4.

Please request ElaineDE's permission prior to using her photographs!

Phillydude's description of a 7/20/2017 Brenda D video: "an injured looking 856 gingerly makes his way across the top of the Falls and joins Lefty on the Lip, 856 was obviously not in any shape to get into a confrontation, but showed how much respect he has as a dominant Boar as Lefty felt awkward about the situation and walked off anyway."

07.20.2017_-_775_Lefty_and_856_on_the_Lip,_video_by_Brenda_D

07.20.2017 - 775 Lefty and 856 on the Lip, video by Brenda D

2017.07.21: 32 Chunk pushes 856 around, 402 looks on video by angerboda.:

32_Chunk_pushes_856_around,_402_looks_on,_Brooks_Falls_07212017_by_angerboda-0

32 Chunk pushes 856 around, 402 looks on, Brooks Falls 07212017 by angerboda-0

775 Lefty is on the lip and 856 is in the jacuzzi when 32 Chunk arrives at 1:27 and they both yield their fishing spots to him, 7/21/2017 video by Brenda D.

07.21.2017_-_775_Lefty,_856,_32_Chunk,_video_by_Brenda_D-0

07.21.2017 - 775 Lefty, 856, 32 Chunk, video by Brenda D-0

Park visitor and cam viewer, ElaineInDE, captured photos of 856 during her trip to Brooks Camp: Photo #1 and Photo #2 .

Please request ElaineDE's permission prior to using her photos!

2017.07.23: Park visitor and cam viewer, JstDucky, captured photo #1 of 856 during her trip to Brooks Camp. Scammin (JstDucky's husband) captured additional photos of 856 from 7/23/2017 and posted them in chat on 3/8/2020, photos #2 and #3.

Please request jstducky's or Scammin's permission prior to using any of their photos!

September 2017:

2017.09.13: 32 Chunk, 480 Otis, and 856 video by Ratna:

The_return_of_856_as_ided_by_Mike_Fitz_9_13_2017_by_Ratna

The return of 856 as ided by Mike Fitz 9 13 2017 by Ratna

2017.09.15-09.16: Lee (aka RiverPA) captured photos of 856 on 9/15/2016-9/16/2017. Lee posted them in chat on 3/8/2020, #1, #2 and #3.

Please request Lee's (aka RiverPA ) permission prior to using her photographs!

2017.09.16: Brenda D's 9/16/2017 video of 856 taking the long way to the office. Kcanada commented "By September 16, 2017, 856 was hardly fully recovered from his early season problems. He was still moving slowly and not showing his usual personality, but he looked on the road to recovery, having gained a lot of weight."

2017.09.23: 856 video by Ratna:

Gorgeous_bear_856???????????_9_23_2017_by_Ratna

Gorgeous bear 856??????????? 9 23 2017 by Ratna

2017.09.28: Goldilocks captured these snapshots of 856 in a place that we never see him. Below the island, eating other's scraps.....building his strength and resolve for his triumphant return to the top in 2018. (Snapshot #1 , #2 , #3 , #4 , #5 & #6 ):

October 2017:

Bookmom captured these snapshots of 856 in October 2017 (snapshot #1 & #2 ):

2017.10.16: Shel posted 10/16/2017 photos and an Explore Recorder video (32:25-44:14) of 856 in chat on 3/8/2020. Photos #1, #2, #3, #4, #5 and #6. Shel: "When 856 was first seen on cam in 2017, he was fairly thin, seemed somewhat disabled, and acted subordinate to many bears he had appeared to dominate in previous years. Later in the season, he had gained a lot of weight and looked and acted much more fit."

Brooks_Falls_Brown_Bears_Cam_10-16-2017_17_00_11_-_17_59_57

Brooks Falls Brown Bears Cam 10-16-2017 17 00 11 - 17 59 57

2017.10.21: 856 is in the "J". He runs to the top of the falls when he sees 32/Chunk coming. 32 follows him to the top of the falls and they have a brief discussion in this video by Cindy Tucker .

Interesting_Interactions_at_the_Falls_October_21,_2017_by_Cindy_Tucker

Interesting Interactions at the Falls October 21, 2017 by Cindy Tucker

2017.10.24: 856 arrives and frightens 708 Amelia video by Melissa Freels.:

856_Arrives,_Frightens_708,_October_24,_2017_by_Melissa_Freels-0

856 Arrives, Frightens 708, October 24, 2017 by Melissa Freels-0

2017.10.27:

856 in the office video by Brenda D:

10.27.2017_-_856_in_the_Office_video_by_Brenda_D

10.27.2017 - 856 in the Office video by Brenda D

856 wanders the falls video by Brenda D:

10.27.2017_-_856_Wanders_The_Falls_video_by_Brenda_D

10.27.2017 - 856 Wanders The Falls video by Brenda D

2018:

856 was included in the Adult Males section of the 2018 Bears of Brooks River book on page 84. NPS photos of 856 (year taken unknown) also appear on page 21, Bear Monitoring At Brooks River, and page 64, Chapter 6: Adult Males. 856 is mentioned 33 times in the 2018 edition of the Bears of Brooks River book.:

2018 Season:

Deanna Dittloff (aka deelynnd) created this video of snapshots of 856 captured during the 2018 season:

Bear_856_2018_Season_by_Deanna_Dittloff_(aka_deelynnd)

Bear 856 2018 Season by Deanna Dittloff (aka deelynnd)

Cam viewer, Kam created this artwork of 856 from the 2018 season:

Cam viewer, JG captured these snapshots of 856 during the 2018 season. (Snapshot #1 , #2 , #3 , #4 , #5 , #6 , #7 , #8 , #9 , #10 , #11 , & #12 ):

June 2018:

2018.06.06 & FEW DAYS PRIOR:

856 was observed courting 409 Beadnose June 6, 2018 and the few days prior per Mike Fitz' June 6, 2018 Explore.org blog: Brooks River Bear Mating Season :

"Over the past few days at Brooks River, one of the area’s most dominant bears, 856, has been incessantly following the adult female 409 Beadnose. 409, many bearcam viewers may remember, raised two yearling cubs last summer, and she was seen with them earlier this spring. Now however, we know she has emancipated her cubs and is once again single. 856, perhaps more than anyone, knows this as well, and his proximity to Beadnose reveals his amorous intentions."

2018.06.16 Morning: 856 was observed courting 409 Beadnose on the morning of June 16, 2018 per Ranger Russ' June 16, 2018 10:35 comment : "Good morning from Alaska. I'll be here the next half hour should you have any questions. Yes, we do expect to have the bearcams to be running and the Bear Book out by next week.

There were no bear sightings yesterday. This morning 856 was seen pursuing 409. I was not able to make a photograph, but it was confirmed by several people that they were the bears seen."

2018.06.21: 856 was observed on the Explore Falls Low View bearcam:

Xander-Sage created this gif and this gif .

Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA) captured this video :

856_Shows_Up_at_Brooks_Falls_June_21,_2018_by_Flyer_7474_(aka_SteveCA)-0

856 Shows Up at Brooks Falls June 21, 2018 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)-0

Casper Trout captured this video :

856_visits_BF_2018_06_21_12_24_34_529_by_Casper_Trout-0

856 visits BF 2018 06 21 12 24 34 529 by Casper Trout-0

Cruiser captured this video :

856_visits_Falls_June_21_2018_by_Cruiser-0

856 visits Falls June 21 2018 by Cruiser-0

Cruiser captured this GIF.

Cruiser captured these snapshots :

Ratna captured this video :

856_6_21_18_by_Ratna-0

856 6 21 18 by Ratna-0

Bookmom captured these 6/21/2018 snapshots of 856, #1, #2, #3, #4.

2018.06.26: Martina captured these snapshots of 856:

Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA) captured this video of 856 and 747's confrontation:

856-747_Confrontation_June_26,_2018_by_Flyer_7474_(aka_SteveCA)

856-747 Confrontation June 26, 2018 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

2018.06.27: Brooks Camp visitor Rockatte was at Brooks Falls on 6/27/2018 and filmed a number of interactions between the most dominant boar 856 and 747 who at the time was considered the 2nd most dominant.

Video #1: 856 spots 747 at the falls. He shows his dominance over 747 by cowboy walking on the island and marking a tree. 747 sits and watches, video by Rockatte.

856_spots_747_at_Falls_-_June_27,_2018_20_22AKDT_by_Rockatte

856 spots 747 at Falls - June 27, 2018 20 22AKDT by Rockatte

Video #2: 747 leaves and heads up behind the falls platform, 856 quickly follows, video by Rockatte.

747_and_856_interaction_-_June_27,_2018_20_26_AKDT_by_Rockatte

747 and 856 interaction - June 27, 2018 20 26 AKDT by Rockatte

Video #3: 856 and 747 have a standoff by the falls platform exit gate. 747 is very submissive, sitting and watching 856's actions. Eventually 856 marks a tree and returns to the falls, video by Rockatte.

747_and_856_interaction_part_2_-_June_27,_2018_20_27AKDT_by_Rockatte

747 and 856 interaction part 2 - June 27, 2018 20 27AKDT by Rockatte

2018.06.27-06.29: Lee (aka RiverPA) captured photos of 856 during her 6/27-6/29/2018 trip to Brooks Camp, #1, #2, #3, #4 and #5. The photos were shared in chat on 3/8/2020.

Please request Lee's (aka RiverPA ) permission prior to using her photographs!

2018.06.28: 856 vs 755 Scare D Bear slow motion video by Ratna:

755_vs_856_slowed_down_6_28_18_by_Ratna-1

755 vs 856 slowed down 6 28 18 by Ratna-1

Arlene Beech (aka Homebird) captured this video of the interaction between 755 Scare D. Bear and 856.:

Bears_856_and_755_scuffle_at_the_falls,_Katmai_Brown_Bears,19.25_28_June_2018_by_Arlene_Beech-1

Bears 856 and 755 scuffle at the falls, Katmai Brown Bears,19.25 28 June 2018 by Arlene Beech-1

Xander-Sage created this gif of the interaction between 856 and 747.:

Brenda D captured this video of the interaction between 856 and 747.:

06.28.2018_-_856_Enters_and_Moves_747_by_Brenda_D

06.28.2018 - 856 Enters and Moves 747 by Brenda D

The second interaction between 747 and 856 on June 28, 2018 is captured in this video by Brenda D.:

06.28.2018_-_856_Moves_747_Again_by_Brenda_D-0

06.28.2018 - 856 Moves 747 Again by Brenda D-0

2018.06.29: 856 NPS photo from KNP&P's October 6, 2018 06:00 Facebook post for the 2018 Fat Bear Week Contest:

856 on June 29, 2018, NPS photo by A Garduno:

2018.06.30: Bear 856: On Top Again blog by Mike FItz , Explore.org.:

This past week, one bear appeared determined to regain his rank at the top of Brooks River’s bear hierarchy. 856 appears to be big enough and healthy enough to show the river’s other adult male bears he’s ready to compete.
Bear 856 is one of Brooks River’s largest bears, and from 2011–2016 he was its most dominant. Last summer, however, he was unable to maintain that position, possibly due to a leg injury. As I wrote previously, the hierarchy at Brooks Falls was fated to shuffle. Each interaction between bears can help us understand the organization of the hierarchy a little further. Several interactions between 856 and other bears provide evidence that he may be, once again, subordinate to no other bear.

Bear_856_Displaces_747_from_the_Jacuzzi

Bear 856 Displaces 747 from the Jacuzzi

In the video above, bear 747 sits in the plunge pool below Brooks Falls, a spot nicknamed the jacuzzi. You can see him turn and begin to move out of the jacuzzi as another bear approaches. The other bear is 856. 747 is very large, perhaps larger than 856, but although size does matter in the bear world, disposition also plays a big role. 856 is consistently more assertive than 747. 856’s directed approach toward him is an obvious challenge: get out of my way or else!

747 doesn’t seem willing to challenge 856 in a physical fight. Under these circumstances, if 747 turned away then he would expose rear flank to attack. Possibly for this reason he stands his ground and only begins to leave after 856 appears to be preoccupied with a salmon.

856, in his hyper-dominant way, doesn’t let 747 leave without more conflict. Just before the clip ends, 856 chases 747 into the vegetation behind the wildlife-viewing platform at the falls. Several people on the platform witnessed the rest of the confrontation. They reported that 856 and 747 continued to posture silently, and 747 continued to remain submissive to 856.

856 has also confronted and challenged other large males, like 755.

Bears_856_and_755_scuffle_at_the_falls,_Katmai_Brown_Bears,19.25_28_June_2018_by_Arlene_Beach

Bears 856 and 755 scuffle at the falls, Katmai Brown Bears,19.25 28 June 2018 by Arlene Beach

Dominant bears have many suvival advantages over subordinate bears. Dominance may not provide access to more fish when salmon are extremely abundant, but dominance and a high rank would certainly provide access to the most productive fishing spots when salmon aren’t as plentiful. When salmon are migrating at Brooks Falls, for example, some fish are almost always found in the jacuzzi, 856’s most preferred fishing spot. Salmon aren’t as consistently accessible in other locations like the lip or the far pool. At least one study, however, has found dominant bears don't necessarily catch more fish than bears lower in the hierarchy. This indicates that bears utilize a variety of strategies to survive.

Dominance is just one route to success. Bears like 856 take advantage of their size and strength to make their living, displacing other bears from productive fishing areas and potential mates. As 856 continues to challenge other bears over the next few weeks, more bears will take the hint and leave him alone or simply avoid him altogether.

Soon, we may be watching the bearcam when the bears at the falls quit what they’re doing. We might see them stand and begin to move away from their favorite fishing spot. Then we might observe 856 waltz toward Brooks Falls. By avoiding his approach, the other bears demonstrate a level of respect for an assertive survivalist, one uses size and aggression to get him what he wants."

July 2018:

Park visitor, Mike Weagley, captured this July 2018 video of 603. 128 Grazer, 409 Beadnose (with fish), and 775 Lefty on the lip near to far at the beginning of this video. 409 takes her fish closer to the fish ladder to consume her fish. The video then switches to 603 (believed by some to possibly be 68 in the early season) and 856 (left to right) at the 0:36 mark The video then goes back to the bears on the lip and then back again to 603 and 856. The sweeping briefly to 755 Scare D Bear on the North side of the river.:

Katmai_National_Park_10_July_2018_by_Mike_Weagley-2

Katmai National Park 10 July 2018 by Mike Weagley-2

Mike Weagley also captured this July 2018 video of 603 (believed by some to possibly be early season 68) seen begging from 409 Beadnose while 128 Grazer and 775 Lefty fish the lip. When 603 turns away 856 is seen to the right.:

Katmai_National_Park_11_July_2018_by_Mike_Weagley-0

Katmai National Park 11 July 2018 by Mike Weagley-0

2018.07.01:

Approximately 12:11: 856 vs 747 Altercation:

GABear created these gifs: Gif #1 & Gif #2 Xander-Sage created this gif . Shel captured these snapshots : #1 , #2 , #3 , #4 , #5 & #6 .:

The Explore Recorder video that captures the altercation between 856 and 747. When the altercation begins, 856 is the bear on the left at 39:50 into this video :.The interaction between 856 and 747 starts prior to that.

856 attacks 747 slow motion video by tsaneda (aka Shovelbum81). "After a fair amount of time cowboy walking and other dominance displays, 856 attacks 747 at Brooks Falls at approximately noon AKDT":

856_attacks_747_slow_motion_1Jul2018_by_tsaneda_(aka_Shovelbum_81)-1

856 attacks 747 slow motion 1Jul2018 by tsaneda (aka Shovelbum 81)-1

Martina captured this real-time video:

BF_2018-7-1_856_747_by_Martina-0

BF 2018-7-1 856 747 by Martina-0

Wacker42 captured this video :

856_v_747_Smackdown_by_Wacker42-0

856 v 747 Smackdown by Wacker42-0

Truman Everts captured this photo of the 7/1/2018 fight between 856 and 747. It is truly a piece of art!

Please request Truman Evert's permission prior to using his photographs!

2018.07.03:

On July 3, 2018 Mike Fitz, Explore.org's Bearcam Fellow, and Ranger Andrew LaValle were doing a play-by-play from the Brooks Falls wildlife viewing platform. At the 36:09 mark into the play-by-play 856 can be seen giving chase to 634 Popeye from the river below the falls, onto the bank in front of the viewing platform and then down towards the riffles.

07.03.2018_-_Mike_Fitz_and_Ranger_Russ_Play_by_Play_by_Brenda_D-0

07.03.2018 - Mike Fitz and Ranger Russ Play by Play by Brenda D-0

That chase took 856 and 634 Popeye down near the Riffles wildlife viewing platform where they encountered 132 and her two spring cubs.

(Note: 856 is seen returning up river closer to the falls at the 58:59 mark into the above play-by-play, 634 Popeye had returned earlier.)

We later learned that 856 killed one of 132's spring cubs near the Riffles wildlife viewing platform.

On July 4, 2018 at 06:20 Ranger Andrew popped into the bearcam comments to share the news of the July 3, 2018 incident :

"Hi everyone, last night near the Riffles we had a dramatic reminder that life as a bear can be difficult, dangerous, and short.

Bear 856 came upon what is thought to be bear 132 and her two spring cubs. Bear 856 attacked and killed one of the cubs. After an altercation with 856, bear 132 then left the scene wounded. Her remaining cub was abandoned in a tree above the carcass of its deceased sibling . It could be heard vocalizing and crying out to its separated mother.

The abandoned cub was later seen coming down from the tree, still vocalizing, and wandering around by itself. The whereabouts of both it and its mother are not known at this time.

Though it can be tough to witness, infanticide is a natural part of the bear world. Both genders may kill cubs, it is most often committed by male bears.

Mike Fitz and I will be doing a live chat later today on this topic at 9am Alaska time, 10am pacific. -Ranger Andrew"

2018.07.05: NWBearLove92 shared this 7/5/2018 photo of 856 on 5/28/2020. "856 at the falls. I was trying not to make eye contact and hoping that he was looking at someone else on the platform. He looked very intimidating. 7/5/18."

2018.07.06: Death of Bear Cub at Brooks Falls , Explore blog by Mike FItz:

"As the smallest and most vulnerable of all bears, first year cubs (also called spring cubs or cubs-of-the-year) face significant risks and challenges, not the least of which are larger bears. On July 3, Katmai National Park ranger Andrew LaValle and I were hosting a live broadcast from Brooks Falls . About 40 minutes into the broadcast, we watched Brooks River’s most dominant bear, 856, chase another large male bear, 634 Popeye, downstream and out of our line of sight. Just a few minutes later and off camera, 856 encountered a mother bear and two spring cubs. He then attacked one of the cubs and killed it. The death is a powerful illustration of risk and danger in the bears’ world.

So focused on the waterfall in front of us, neither Andrew nor I saw or heard anything that even hinted at the event unfolding less than a hundred yards away, but a group of park visitors and employees witnessed the attack at the riffles platform, an elevated wildlife-viewing platform downstream of the falls. They saw 856 encounter 132 after he broke off his chase with 634 Popeye. 856 then saw the cub and attacked. 132 tried to defend her cubs but was overpowered by the much larger 856, who quickly returned to the injured cub and killed it. 132’s other cub escaped up a spruce tree, where it remained for about two hours .

856’s motivation in this instance isn’t entirely clear. He didn’t eat it, so hunger might not have played a strong role. Some biologists hypothesize that mate recognition influences the frequency of infanticide in certain species. Male bears may recognize former mates and kill cubs from unfamiliar females to reduce future competition for themselves and their kin. They may also be motivated to sire more offspring. Killing all cubs from a litter can cause a female bear to enter estrus and potentially be available to mate again. Importantly, the instinct to attack vulnerable animals, even if it leads to infanticide, might simply be a trait of many bears. In 2013, the bearcams captured footage of 402 defending her cubs from 813, an adult female, after 813 began to pursue one of 402’s cubs as it fell over Brooks Falls.

For the mother, the cub’s death represents a significant loss. She’s devoted considerable time and energy into caring for it, and 132 risked severe injury, even death, when she tried to defend her cub from 856. Mother bears seem to recognize the risk posed by other bears, which could be the main reason why many females avoid bringing their spring cubs near the falls. However, the possible reward of abundant salmon can be a powerful motivator for a mother who’s trying to meet the nutritional demands of her cubs and satisfy her own insatiable hunger.

Under the circumstances, the infanticide seemed to be a product of chance. Bears appear conditioned to attack vulnerable prey, even if it doesn’t necessarily lead to a meal. 856, perhaps perceiving the cub’s vulnerability, took advantage of a situation where the cub couldn’t defend itself or flee. Bears also show no empathy for their prey. It’s easy to see salmon suffering under the claws and teeth of hungry bears, such as when bears tear the skin off of living salmon. These events certainly aren’t committed under malice or cruelty, as bears live outside our morals, ethics, and the other values that help define our sense of right and wrong.

When I left Brooks Falls at 10 p.m. on July 3, 132’s remaining spring cub had just climbed out of its sanctuary in the spruce tree. It continued to bawl as it walked farther into the forest. As I departed, I caught a glimpse of 132 sniffing at the same tree where the cub found temporary safety. She then walked in the direction the cub had taken shortly before. Now, we know that 132 was reunited with her remaining cub .

Brown bears live in a fierce and competitive world, and spring cubs are the most vulnerable of all bears. Through luck, skill, and the guidance of their mothers, cubs can grow into healthy independent bears. It’s a risky and challenging world though, one in which cubs, their mothers, and the river’s most dominant bears all compete to survive within.

NWBearLove92 shared this 7/6/2018 photo of 856 on 5/4/2020.

Please request NWBearLove92's permission prior to using any of their photographs!

2018.07.10: 856 fishing the lip of Brooks Falls video by Ratna:

856_lip_fishing_7_10_18_by_Ratna

856 lip fishing 7 10 18 by Ratna

2018.07.11 19:45: 856 and 32 Chunk displaying dominance while Ranger Andrew and Ranger Mike were doing a play-by-play video by Lani:

856_and_32_Chunk_dominance_displays_during_PBP_7_11_2018_appx_7_45pm_AK_by_LaniH

856 and 32 Chunk dominance displays during PBP 7 11 2018 appx 7 45pm AK by LaniH

During a 7/11/2018 Play by Play with Mike Fitz and Ranger Andrew LaValle, 900 is seen entering the top of the falls from the far side at 8:23. 856 is in the far pool below. At 8:48, 856 goes after 900 for no reason. 900 was unidentified at the time, video by Brenda D.

07.11.2018_-_Mike_Fitz,_Ranger_Andrew,_Play_by_Play,_video_by_Brenda_D-0

07.11.2018 - Mike Fitz, Ranger Andrew, Play by Play, video by Brenda D-0

2018.07.19: 856 boots 32 Chunk from the falls video by mckate.:

19_Jul_2018_856_Boots_32_Chunk_from_Falls_by_mckate

19 Jul 2018 856 Boots 32 Chunk from Falls by mckate

2018.07.22: Video by Lani H of 856 being displaced from the jacuzzi by an unidentified boar (68 maybe?):

Unknown_boar_displaces_856_7_22_2018_by_Lani_H-0

Unknown boar displaces 856 7 22 2018 by Lani H-0

Explore recorder video At 18:30 -- 856 is in the J, 68 is eating a fish near the island, and 747 is downstream from the rock near the office. 68 displaces 856 from the J.:

Brooks_Falls_Brown_Bears_Cam_07-22-2018_23_01_39_-_07-23-2018_00_01_40_Explore_Recorder

Brooks Falls Brown Bears Cam 07-22-2018 23 01 39 - 07-23-2018 00 01 40 Explore Recorder

"Not often seen in 2018 -- 856 being displaced from the J: At 18:30 -- 856 is in the J, 68* is eating a fish near the island, and 747 is downstream from the rock near the office. 68* subsequently displaces 856 from the J. (7/23/18)

Brooks_Falls_Brown_Bears_Cam_07-22-2018_23_01_39_-_07-23-2018_00_01_40

Brooks Falls Brown Bears Cam 07-22-2018 23 01 39 - 07-23-2018 00 01 40

Note: March 3, 2019 comment by Shel : re: possibly 68* in this video with 856 and 747 "Some of us think the bear initially by the island in this video is 68. I suspect this bear was ID'ed by the bear monitor as 603 during the July monitoring session. 68 was not officially ID'ed by the bear monitor in July 2018 (but 603 was). 68 was officially ID'ed by the bear monitor in the 2018 fall session (but 603 wasn't).

Bears officially ID'ed by the bear monitor in 2018 from Katmai Ranger's comment link "

2018.07.26: Flyer 7474 captured video of a confrontation between 856 and 747 on 7/26/2018. 856 moves 747 out of the jacuzzi (watch 856 jaw popping). Not content to fish the jacuzzi and eat his fish, 856 chases 747 when he tries to leave.

856-747_Confrontation_07_26_2018,_video_by_flyer_7474

856-747 Confrontation 07 26 2018, video by flyer 7474

Cruiser captured a photo and added special effects from the same incident.

September 2018:

Scooch captured this snapshot of 856 in September 2018 and added a Lou Holtz quote to go along with it when she shared her snapshot on 2019 856 bear-a-day day.:

"856 ~
Ability is what you're capable of doing.
Motivation determines what you do.
Attitude determines how well you do it."

​​2018.09.10: 856 returns to the falls video by mckate.:

10_Sep_2018_856_Returns_to_the_Falls_by_mckate

10 Sep 2018 856 Returns to the Falls by mckate

747 (largest bear sitting in the far pool), 480 Otis (licking the rock in the far pool), 856 (is the bear that catches the fish), and 634 Popeye (in the office) video by Birgitt:

856_634_747_480_in_Boar_Alley_2018-09-10_22-45-08-730_by_Birgitt-0

856 634 747 480 in Boar Alley 2018-09-10 22-45-08-730 by Birgitt-0

503 Cubadult and 812 smelling 856? video by mckate.:

10_Sep_2018_503_and_812_Smelling_856?_by_mckate-3

10 Sep 2018 503 and 812 Smelling 856? by mckate-3

2018.09.12: 856's approach displaces 480 Otis and another bear in this video by mckate.:

12_Sep_2018_Run_away!_Run_away!_It's_856!_by_mckate

12 Sep 2018 Run away! Run away! It's 856! by mckate

2018.09.13: 480 Otis, 151 Walker, 32 Chunk and 856 exchange video by mckate. 151 Walker begs from 480 Otis and gets jumped. 32 Chunk intervenes (and checks for leftovers) and 856 chases Chunk because only the top bear intervenes. :

13_Sep_2018_480_Otis,_151_Walker,_32_Chunk,_and_856_Exchange_by_mckate-0

13 Sep 2018 480 Otis, 151 Walker, 32 Chunk, and 856 Exchange by mckate-0

2018.09.14: 856 and 503 Cubadult video by Martina:

2018-9-14_856_&_503_by_Martina

2018-9-14 856 & 503 by Martina

2018.09.14 - 2018.09.17: Park visitor and cam viewer, Ratna Narayan captured this photograph of 856 during her trip to Brooks Camp. Ratna also captured this photograph of 747 (above the falls, left) with 856 (below the falls, right).: Ratna also captured these photographs (#1 , #2 & #3) of 747 (above the falls, left) with 856 (below the falls, right). Ratna shared this photo of 856. Ratna shared this photograph of 856 (p 02/29/2020 18:08 ). Ratna also shared these photographs (#1 , #2 & #3 ) of 856 (p 03/01/2020 16:04 ).:

Please request Ratna Narayan's permission prior to using her photographs!

Ratna also captured this photograph of 856 during her trip to Brooks Camp. Scooch composed this to go along with Ratna's photo on 856 day held March 3, 2019.: Please request Ratna Narayan's permission prior to using her photographs!

"Today we celebrate 856 ~
You better stay away from him
He'll rip your lungs out, Jim!

"I never give up.
I never give down.
I don't give side to side,
And I won't give around.

I never give up.
I never relent.
There's only one thing I give,
And that is 100 percent."

2018.09.15: Ratna Narayan captured these photographs (#1 & #2 ) of 856 (far) with 747 (near) on September 15, 2018 (p 01/22/2020 08:28 ). Ratna also captured these photographs (#1 , #2 & #3 ) of 856 (right) with 747 (left) (p 01/22/2020 08:27 ).:

Please request Ratna Narayan's permission prior to using her photographs!

2018.09.18: Anna-Marie created this video of 856's interaction with 32 Chunk:

856_and_32_Chunk_9.18.18_by_Anna-Marie

856 and 32 Chunk 9.18.18 by Anna-Marie

Martina captured these snapshots of 856 and 32 Chunk:

2018.09.21: 747, 856 and 480 Otis have words in the far pool video by Birgitt:

747_856_&_480_Have_Words_in_Far_Pool_2018-09-21_22-00-53-211_by_Birgitt

747 856 & 480 Have Words in Far Pool 2018-09-21 22-00-53-211 by Birgitt

856 harasses 747 for good measure video by mckate.:

21_Sep_2018_856_Harasses_747_for_Good_Measure_by_mckate-0

21 Sep 2018 856 Harasses 747 for Good Measure by mckate-0

2018.09.24: 856 video by mckate:

24_Sep_2018_Closeup_of_856_by_mckate

24 Sep 2018 Closeup of 856 by mckate

2018.09.25: Alaska's badass bears: A battle to reclaim the river's throne by Mark Kaufman , Mashable.

2018.09.27: 32 Chunk finds himself between 856 and 747 video by Lani H.:

32_Chunk_finds_himself_between_856_and_747_9_27_2018_by_Lani_H-1

32 Chunk finds himself between 856 and 747 9 27 2018 by Lani H-1

747 negotiates log and 856 video by mckate.;

27_Sep_2018_747_Negotiates_Log_and_856_by_mckate

27 Sep 2018 747 Negotiates Log and 856 by mckate

2018.09.28: 856 NPS photo by Ranger Russ Taylor.:

October 2018:

2018.10.08: Birgitt captured these snapshots (#1 & #2 ) of 856. Mike Fitz and Birgitt discussed 856 on Fat Tuesday, March 5, 2019 (snips of comments below).: Mike Fitz : "856 goes to show that you don't have to spend all your time eating to get fat. At the falls at least, he spends considerable more time displacing other bears and competing for access to females than most other males. Yet, he still gets very fat. Of course, you can't get that big without being good at fishing." Birgitt: "He was taking a break to chase 83 there. Do you have any sense of why he moved out of the J and to the far pool last year?" Mike Fitz : "I don't know. He may have had a good reason, but I also suspect bears do things sometimes just because they want to, not because it gives them any sort of selective advantage. With that being said, fish may have been so plentiful last year that he didn't need as much access to the jacuzzi compared to other years. When there are fewer fish available, the j is one of the most consistently good fishing spots at the falls. When fish are super abundant though, it's not necessarily any more productive than several other places, including the far pool." Birgitt: "I was thinking something similar about the abundance of salmon, because neither 856 nor 747 spent much time in the J last summer. In fact, most of the big boars lined themselves up on the far side of the river. I started thinking of it as Boar Alley back there. Which, of course, gave 503 a lot of time in the J and gave the youngsters 812, 903 and 719 a chance to explore fishing in the J.
But you're right. We should start thinking in terms of them doing things because they want to."

​​​

Another Fee-Fi-Fo-Fum moment for 856 (credit to Goldi for the scary giant reference) as he chases 83 Wayne Brother then puts his nostrils to work. Video by mckate :

8_Oct_2018_856_Chases_83_by_mckate

8 Oct 2018 856 Chases 83 by mckate

Shel also shared snapshots (#1, #2 and #3 ) and an Explore Recorder video (31:10-33:00) of 856 after he chased 83 Wayne Brother, 3/8/2020.

Brooks_Falls_Brown_Bears_10-09-2018_03_00_09_-_04_00_00

Brooks Falls Brown Bears 10-09-2018 03 00 09 - 04 00 00

2018.10.10: 856 displaces 68 snapshots by Shel (snapshot #1 , #2 , #3 , #4 , #5 , #6 , #7 , #8 , #9 , #10 , #11 , & #12 ) :

​​​​Most of the above (except for 68 returning to the J) is shown here (51:30 start):

Brooks_Falls_Brown_Bears_10-10-2018_03_00_10_-_04_00_00

Brooks Falls Brown Bears 10-10-2018 03 00 10 - 04 00 00

2019: Adult Male

2019 Season:

GreenRiver created this 2016-2019 video of 856 from snapshots taken on the bear cams and shared it on 5/25/2020. "856. The number of a bear who has over the last five years earned my respect. He may not be one of my favorite bears, but his place at the top of the Brooks River Brown bear hierarchy has been well earned. So here is my new slideshow video with pics from the Explore.Org Brown Bear Cams over those years. He may well be the father and or grandfather of many of our Brooks River Bears, including our well beloved 503."

King_of_Brooks_River,_Bear_856,_Katmai,_Alaska,_video_by_GreenRiver

King of Brooks River, Bear 856, Katmai, Alaska, video by GreenRiver

Cam viewer and Brooks Camp visitor Kam shared her artwork of 856 from the 2019 season, 3/8/2020. Art #1, #2, and #3.

Please request Kam's permission prior to using their photographs!

Phillydude shared favorite 2019 season photos of 856 in chat on 3/8/2020, #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, #8 and #9. "Happy 856 Day! - he had a busy Summer last year in between fending off 68's hierarchy challenge and remodeling Otis' office into his own private dinning room, but through it all 856 remained top Bear and reminded all the other Bears of that at every opportunity - 856 is an amazing and at times breathtaking Bear to watch, these are some of my favorite snaps of him from last season."

Birgitt captured the "Parting of the Boars", as seen in photo #5, in this 8/4/2019 video.

856_The_Parting_of_the_Boars_&_128_The_Departure_of_Walker_2019-08-04,_video_by_Birgitt

856 The Parting of the Boars & 128 The Departure of Walker 2019-08-04, video by Birgitt

Xander-Sage-2 shared snapshots and a snapshot collage of 856 on 3/9/2020. Snapshots #1 and #2. Snapshot collage #3. Note: In photo #1, 856 has his back to the camera. His shed pattern makes him look bare from the waist down.

2019.??.??: 775 Lefty is the star of this video 2019 Alaska Nice Bears by Yair Leopold. 775 Lefty on the lip with 856 in the far pool and possibly 68 between the jacuzzi and the island.:

2019_Alaska_Nice_Bears_by_Yari_Leopold-1

2019 Alaska Nice Bears by Yari Leopold-1

2019.??.??: 856 during the 2019 Season video by Deanna Dittloff (aka deelynnd).:

Bear_856_2019_Season_by_Deanna_Dittloff_(aka_deelynnd)

Bear 856 2019 Season by Deanna Dittloff (aka deelynnd)

2019.??.??: 32 Chunk splashes 856 and gets away with it while 747 sits nearby and enjoys the drama. 2019 instagram video by Steve Merlino.

June 2019:

2019.06.??: 854 can be observed courting 854 Divot at various points in this video by Marvin Neitzert.:

The_bears_of_Brooks_Falls_June_2019_by_Marvin_Neitzert-0

The bears of Brooks Falls June 2019 by Marvin Neitzert-0

2019.06.19: On June 20, 2019 at 08:55 AKDT, Katmai Conservancy Ranger Naomi commented and shared photos (#1 634 Popeye , #2 128 Grazer , #3 128 Grazer on the lip , #4 856 ) of the bears observed at Brooks Falls on the evening of June 19, 2019.:

"The salmon have arrived and the bears have followed. Last night Mike Fitz, John Koster and I were at The Falls. Here are pictures of 634 Popeye, Grazer (sorry, no cubs), a sub and 856. When 856 strutted in, Grazer had already left having eaten 7 salmon. But Popeye took one look at 856 and ran up the far bank. 856 not satisfied with that, followed him up the bank. Dominance seems to be his priority. Once satisfied that Popeye was really gone, he returned to take his place in the jacuzzi. The season has begun. "

2019.06.20: Katmai Conservancy Ranger Naomi Boak (aka NSBoak) captured a 6/20/2019 photo of 856 which she shared in chat on 3/8/2020.

Permission to use her NPS photos posted on the bearcam comments

2019.06.24: 856 jumps unknown boar video by mckate. 856 had been chasing 634 Popeye up above the falls just about 20 minutes earlier, so that may explain why he seemed winded.:

24_Jun_2019_856_Jumps_Unknown_Boar_by_mckate

24 Jun 2019 856 Jumps Unknown Boar by mckate

2019.06.26: 856 June 26, 2019 NPS photo by Ranger Tammy Carmack KNP&P Flickr.

2019.06.27: 747 (left) faceoff with 856 (right) NPS photograph by 2019 Katmai Conservancy Ranger Naomi Boak (p 01/22/2020 03:21 ).:

2019.06.28: 856 loses 854 Divot and trashes 480 Otis' office video by mckate. Mckate shared these thoughts in the description of the video.: "

856 and 854 Divot are courting. Divot must have needed a break, so slipped into the bushes above Otis's office. I have to wonder about 856's eyesight. He didn't see her walk right into that area and, when he finally tracked her scent, she was sitting right there and he didn't see her until she took off again. 480 Otis will not be pleased to see that they redecorated without his permission."

28_Jun_2019_856_Loses_854,Trashes_480's_Office_by_mckate

28 Jun 2019 856 Loses 854,Trashes 480's Office by mckate

856 above the office video by Birgitt.:

856_Has_a_Nutty_Above_the_Office_2019-06-28_22-14-51-485_by_Birgitt

856 Has a Nutty Above the Office 2019-06-28 22-14-51-485 by Birgitt

2019.06.27: Katmai Conservancy Ranger Naomi Boak (aka NSBoak) captured a 6/27/2019 photo of 856 which she shared in chat on 3/8/2020. 856 is seen on the right, 747 is on the left.

Permission to use her NPS photos posted on the bearcam comments

856 appears to possibly be courting 128 Grazer and possibly be protecting his courting rights from another unidentified adult male in this June 27, 2019 video by Erum Chad.:

856_attacks_MB_bear_again_Grazer_nearby_Katmai_Brooks_Falls_2019_06_27_by_Erum_Chad-1

856 attacks MB bear again Grazer nearby Katmai Brooks Falls 2019 06 27 by Erum Chad-1

856 courting 128 Grazer above the falls video by Birgitt.:

856_Courting_Grazer_Above_Falls_2019-06-27_17-02-43-436_by_Birgitt

856 Courting Grazer Above Falls 2019-06-27 17-02-43-436 by Birgitt

2019.06.28: An unfortunate bear in the office gets schooled by 856, 6/28/2019 video by tm saneda.

2019.06.29: 856 goes courting 854 Divot video by Brenda D.:

06.29.2019_-_856_Goes_Courting_854_Divot_by_Brenda_D

06.29.2019 - 856 Goes Courting 854 Divot by Brenda D

856 courting 854 Divot as 854 takes her fish to go; video by Birgitt.:

854_Takes_a_Fish_to_Go_as_856_Courts_Her_2019-06-29_23-44-20-304_by_Birgitt-0

854 Takes a Fish to Go as 856 Courts Her 2019-06-29 23-44-20-304 by Birgitt-0

2019.06.30: 402 gives lip fishing lessons above 856 video by mckate.:

30_Jun_2019_402_Gives_Lip_Fishing_Lesson_Above_856!_by_mckate-0

30 Jun 2019 402 Gives Lip Fishing Lesson Above 856! by mckate-0

July 2019:

2019.07.??: 856 in July 2019. Explore photograph via Mike Fitz.:

2019.07.01: Truman Everts shared this 7/1/2019 photo of 856 in chat.

Please request Truman Evert's permission prior to using his photographs!


2019.07.02: 856 challenges 68(?) video by Birgitt:

856_Challenges_68_Upon_His_Arrival_at_the_Falls_2019-07-02_14-42-06-397_by_Birgitt-1

856 Challenges 68 Upon His Arrival at the Falls 2019-07-02 14-42-06-397 by Birgitt-1

Tzusrule shared these snapshot collages (#1 & #2 ):

2019.07.02: Truman Everts shared this 7/2/2019 photo of 856 in chat.

Please request Truman Evert's permission prior to usinh his photographs!


2019.07.03: The Bears of Brooks Falls series by Mike Fitz, Resident Naturalist with Explore.org ~ Meet Bear 856 video

Only the biggest and most assertive bears have the opportunity to ascend to the top of the bear hierarchy.

Eight-five-six is a very large adult male with a uniformly brown coat and light-brown ears. In early summer, he has a noticeable stripe of thin fur running from his head to his back and numerous scars and wounds are visible on his head and neck. Behaviorally, he is quite bold and assertive toward other bears.

Meet_Bear_856_-_Bears_of_Brooks_Falls_by_Mike_Fitz,_Resident_Naturalist_with_Explore.org-1

Meet Bear 856 - Bears of Brooks Falls by Mike Fitz, Resident Naturalist with Explore.org-1

2019.07.03: Katmai Conservancy Ranger Naomi Boak (aka NSBoak) captured a 7/3/2019 photo of 856 which she shared in chat on 3/8/2020.

Permission to use her NPS photos posted on the bearcam comments

2019.07.04: 856 chases 747 up the hill on the North side of the river video by Ratna Narayan.:

856_chases_747_up_the_slippery_slope_7_4_2019_by_Ratna_Narayan-0

856 chases 747 up the slippery slope 7 4 2019 by Ratna Narayan-0

Mike Fitz shared this 7/4/2019 photo of 856 (right) and 603/68 on 6/9/2020. "856 (right) challenges 603/68 upstream of Brooks Falls on July 4, 2019."

2019.07.06: KNP volunteer Stacey shared this 7/6/2019 story of 856 and 747 on 2/21/2021.

One more 856 story:

It was July 2019 (I think), around 6 p.m.

I'd been volunteering on the Brooks Falls platform, and had stayed after my shift to watch the bears.

The platform was unusually empty; it was the rare quiet hour between the daytime crowd and the nighttime crowd when most visitors had left to get dinner.

So it was me and a younger couple on the platform, watching the bears.

856 and 747 were fishing at the falls, and there was a young female bear fishing in the riffles.

747 decided to go down to the riffles to say hello to the female. And suddenly, 856 decided he was interested in her, too.

The poor female (I didn't recognize her, but she seemed very young) made a quick getaway.

747 decided to follow -- until 856 decided he wasn't happy about that, and started pursuing 747.

From the Riffles, 747 (followed by 856) moved up toward the falls. Then the two boars marched toward the BF platform (where the couple and I stood watching, agape).

They went up to our left, toward the fish ladder, then UP THE HILL behind the platform, so that they stood at eye level to us: 856 following 747, not running, but in deliberate pursuit, sending a message.

Poor 747 moved behind the platform and into the woods on the right side of the platform (where BF low sometimes looks backward into the woods).

We saw 747 emerge into the riffles, 856 still walking deliberately behind.

They repeated their circle of the BF platform -- once again standing eye level to us, just a few yards away.

I have never been so transfixed.

Eventually, the two bears disappeared into the woods by the Riffles.

At that point, the three of us started breathing again.

We felt like we had witnessed the most incredible bear activity of the day -- and only the three of us had seen it.

At the end of this, the couple needed to get back to the lodge for dinner -- but we were well aware that the two bears had disappeared into the woods near the riffles, and we really didn't want to encounter them on the Brooks Falls Trail!

So we hung out for a little bit, giving the bears time to disperse, then walked back down the BF Trail together, talking loudly all the way so that the bears knew we were there.

And guess what: We DID encounter a bear on the trail! But it was the female that they'd initially been interested in -- not the two males.

An exciting -- and breathtaking -- display of dominance. We felt so privileged to have experienced this.

On 2/21/2021 scooch replied to Stacey's story: "Hi Stacey! That incident that you described may be part of these two gifs that I recorded on July 6, 2019. The first gif shows 747, right after he had exited the river by the BF platform, looking back to see if 856 was still following him, then moving on up the path. The next gif, taken a few seconds later, shows 856 in quick pursuit of 747." Gif #1 (747) and gif #2 (856).

2019.07.06: Cruiser captured this snapshot of 856 on 7/6/2019.

2019.07.07: NWBearLove92 shared this 7/7/2019 photo of 856 on 5/26/2020. NWBearLove92 shared this 7/7/2019 photo of 856 on 5/7/2020. NWBearLove92 shared 3 additional photos of 856 on 2/21/2021, #1, #2, #3.

Please request NWBearLove92's permission prior to using any of their photographs!

856 displaces 89 Backpack from the far pool, 7/7/2019 video by oazaly.

2019.07.09-07.12: Lori Hocking (aka Lovethebears) shared these 7/9-7/12/2019 photos of 856 on 6/2/2020, #1 and #2.

Please request Lori's (aka Lovethebears) permission prior to using her photographs!

2019.07.09: 856 chases 854 Divot video by mckate.:

9_Jul_2019_856_Chases_854_Divot_by_mckate

9 Jul 2019 856 Chases 854 Divot by mckate

2019.07.14: 856 Scares Shaggy video by mckate. Mckate also shared this information about the her video: "856 caught Shaggy aka Mane Bear in the office and pushed him downstream. I would imagine that these two represent the top and the very bottom of the boar hierarchy.":

14_Jul_2019_856_Scares_Shaggy_by_mckate

14 Jul 2019 856 Scares Shaggy by mckate

68 blocks 856 video by mckate.:

14_Jul_2019_68_Blocks_856_by_mckate

14 Jul 2019 68 Blocks 856 by mckate

856 wins standoff with 68 video by mckate.:

14_Jul_2019_856_Wins_Standoff_with_68_by_mckate

14 Jul 2019 856 Wins Standoff with 68 by mckate

Birgitt's 7/14/2019 video of an 856 and 68 standoff at the falls.

2019.07.17: 503 Cubadult sneaks past 856 video by mckate.:

17_Jul_2019_503_Sneaks_Past_856_video_by_mckate

17 Jul 2019 503 Sneaks Past 856 video by mckate

2019.07.22: 856 NPS photo by 2019 Katmai Conservancy Ranger Naomi Boak from the KNP&P flickr .:

2019.07.22: Birgitt's 7/22/2019 video "Fi Fie Fo Fum", 856 wandering the lower river stealing fish from subs.

2019.07.26: The baddest, most dominant bear cam bear has emerged by Mark Kaufman , Mashable.

2019.07.30: 856 reminds 68 who's boss video by mckate.:

30_Jul_2019_856_Reminds_68_Who's_Boss_by_mckate

30 Jul 2019 856 Reminds 68 Who's Boss by mckate

856 greets 68 in the dawn light, 7/30/2019 video by Birgitt.

2019.07.31: 755 Scare D Bear catches a fish on the lip while 856 has words with 503 Cubadult or 812 video by mckate.:

31_Jul_2019_755_Scare_D_Catches_a_Fish_on_the_Lip_by_mckate-1

31 Jul 2019 755 Scare D Catches a Fish on the Lip by mckate-1

August 2019:

2019.08.03: 856 slips into the river behind 812 and 806 as they chow down video by mckate.:

3_Aug_2019_812_and_806_Chow_Down_by_mckate

3 Aug 2019 812 and 806 Chow Down by mckate

2019.08.04: Birgitt's 8/4/2019 video titled "856 The Parting of the Boars and 128 The Departure of Walker." As 856 moves from the far pool to the jacuzzi, the boars make a path for him. At the same time, 128 Grazer arrives at the top of the falls which causes 151 Walker to make a hasty retreat.

2019.08.05: 68 displaces 856 from the jacuzzi video by mckate.:

5_Aug_2019_68_Displaces_856_in_J_by_mckate

5 Aug 2019 68 Displaces 856 in J by mckate

2019.08.06: 856 denies 68 the jacuzzi video by mckate.:

6_Aug_2019_856_Denies_68_the_J_by_mckate

6 Aug 2019 856 Denies 68 the J by mckate

2019.08.07-08.12: Cam viewer and Brooks Camp visitor Kam shared photos of 856 in chat on3/8/2020. The photos were taken on Kam's 8/7/2019-8/12/2019 trip, photos #1, #2, #3, #4 and #5.

Please request Kam's permission prior to using their photographs!

2019.08.25: The Party's Over, 856 returns video by mckate.:

25_Aug_2019_The_Party's_Over,_856_Returns_by_mckate

25 Aug 2019 The Party's Over, 856 Returns by mckate

2019.08.26: 747 subtly signals his desire for the jacuzzi where 856 is fishing video by mckate.:

26_Aug_2019_747_Subtly_Signals_His_Desire_for_the_J_by_mckate

26 Aug 2019 747 Subtly Signals His Desire for the J by mckate

2019.08.27: 909 keeps and eye on 856 video by mckate.:

27_Aug_2019_909_Keeps_an_Eye_on_856_by_mckate-0

27 Aug 2019 909 Keeps an Eye on 856 by mckate-0

2019.08.28: 856 eats at his "desk" video by mckate.:

28_Aug_2019_856_Eats_at_His_Desk_by_mckate

28 Aug 2019 856 Eats at His Desk by mckate

2019.08.29: 856 moves for 854 Divot video by mckate.:

29_Aug_2019_856_Moves_for_854_by_mckate

29 Aug 2019 856 Moves for 854 by mckate

856 takes a break video by mckate.:

29_Aug_2019_856_Takes_a_Break_by_mckate

29 Aug 2019 856 Takes a Break by mckate

Lani H's 8/29/2019 video of 856, "I'm cute too."

2019.08.31: 856 laying down video by Lani H.:

856_laying_down_8_31_2019_by_Lani_H

856 laying down 8 31 2019 by Lani H

September 2019:

2019.09.01: 856 and 747 have words video by Lani H.:

856_and_747_have_words_9_1_2019_by_Lani_H-0

856 and 747 have words 9 1 2019 by Lani H-0

856 catches 747 leaving work early video by mckate.:

1_Sep_2019_856_Catches_747_Leaving_Work_Early_by_mckate

1 Sep 2019 856 Catches 747 Leaving Work Early by mckate

2019.09.02: 856 acknowledges 68's return to the falls video by mckate.:

2_Sep_2019_856_Acknowledges_68's_Return_to_Falls_by_mckate

2 Sep 2019 856 Acknowledges 68's Return to Falls by mckate

2019.09.03: 856 dines on the bank below the Falls platform video by Birgitt.:

856_Dines_Beneath_the_Platform_2019-09-03_22-45-17-827_by_Birgitt

856 Dines Beneath the Platform 2019-09-03 22-45-17-827 by Birgitt

747 bites 755 Scare D Bear, 856 does not get involved video by mckate.:

3_Sep_2019_747_Bites_755's_Butt_and_Fight_Ensues_by_mckate_(856_does_not_get_involved)

3 Sep 2019 747 Bites 755's Butt and Fight Ensues by mckate (856 does not get involved)

856 marks the island for the benefit of 747 video by Felicia. The video description includes this additional information: 856 "did this as a follow-up to 747 marking the island".:

856_marks_the_island_for_the_benefit_of_747_September_3,_2019_by_Felicia-0

856 marks the island for the benefit of 747 September 3, 2019 by Felicia-0

2019.09.05: 856 disrupts 747's nap video by mckate.:

5_Sep_2019_856_Disrupts_747's_Nap_by_mckate-0

5 Sep 2019 856 Disrupts 747's Nap by mckate-0

128 Grazer made a late season, late night visit to the Falls, she got chased off the lip by 747 and then entered the far pool where she got bluff charged by 856, 68 then responded to that by bluff charging 856 video by Lani H.:

128_Grazer_gets_chased_off_the_lip_by_747_and_hop_charged_by_856_in_the_far_pool_9_5_2019_by_Lani_H-2

128 Grazer gets chased off the lip by 747 and hop charged by 856 in the far pool 9 5 2019 by Lani H-2

2019.09.08: Cam viewer and Brooks Camp visitor TDown shared 3 photos ogf 856 in chat on 3/24/2020, #1, #2 and #3.

Please request TDown's permission prior to using their photographs!

2019.09.08: 68 interrupts 856's meal, they have words again, 9/8/2019 video by Lani H.

2019.09.10: 907 fishes with 856, 9/10/2019 video by mckate.

10_Sep_2019_907_Fishes_With_His_Dad?_by_mckate

10 Sep 2019 907 Fishes With His Dad? by mckate

Lisa Robertson (aka Larinor) shared this 9/10/2019 photo of 856 on 2/22/2021. "I see it's 856 day today. Here he is on 9/10/19. Photo is my own."

Please request Lisa Robertson's (aka Larinor) permission prior to using her photographs!

2019.09.13: 856 in the office video by mckate.: 812 on the lip, 747 in the J, 503 by the old log, 32 by the table rock, 856 in the office, and Scrappy by the wall.:

13_Sep_2019_Six_Brown_Bears_on_a_Late_Summer_Evening_by_mckate-0

13 Sep 2019 Six Brown Bears on a Late Summer Evening by mckate-0

Cam viewer and Brooks Camp visitor Bonnie Hankins (aka NutsBoutBears) captured photos of 856 in the office on 9/13/2019,#1 and #2. She shared them in chat on 3/8/2019.

Please request Bonnie Hankins' (aka NutsBoutBears) permission prior to using her photographs!

2019.09.15: 856 displaces 32 Chunk video by Lani H.:

856_has_words_with_32_Chunk_9_15_2019_by_Lani_H

856 has words with 32 Chunk 9 15 2019 by Lani H

Bonnie Hankins (aka NutsBoutBears) captured this photograph of 856 and 32 at 19:43 (p 01/04/2020 09:58 ).:

Please request Bonnie Hankins' (aka NutsBoutBears) permission prior to using her photographs!

2019.09.16: 480 Otis tells 856 it is rude to stare video by mckate.:

16_Sep_2019_480_Tells_856_It's_Rude_to_Stare_by_mckate

16 Sep 2019 480 Tells 856 It's Rude to Stare by mckate

Brooks camp visitor and chatter scooch captured 7 photos of 856 on 9/16/2019, #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6 and #7. Scooch shared the photos in chat on 3/9/2020. Scooch shared 2 additional photos on 3/10/2020, #8 and #9.

Please request Scooch's permission prior to using her photographs!

Scooch also captured photos of 480 Otis (lighter) and 856 on 9/16/2019. Scooch shared the photos in chat on 3/9/2020, #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6 and #7. "856 displaced 480 Otis from the J and though Otis barely voiced his displeasure you can see the anger on his face." Photo #8 is a snapshot taken on the cam at the same time.

Please request Scooch's permission prior to using her photographs!



October 2019:

2019.10.04: 12 bears until 856 arrives video by mckate.:

4_Oct_2019_Twelve_Bears_until_856_arrives_by_mckate

4 Oct 2019 Twelve Bears until 856 arrives by mckate

2020: Adult Male

856 was included in the 2021 Bears of Brooks River book page 77.

June 2020:

2020 season:

Deanna Dittloff (aka deelynnd) created this 2020 season video of 856.

Bear_856_2020

Bear 856 2020

Video by Deanna Dittloff (aka deelynnd)

GreenRiver created a video "The King and I"which follows the courtship of 402 by 856.

The_King_and_I

The King and I

Video by Green River

2020.06.22: 856 returns to the Brooks River courting....who? Cruiser captured this video .:

856_in_pursuit_Brooks_Falls_6_22_20_by_Cruiser-0

856 in pursuit Brooks Falls 6 22 20 by Cruiser-0

Phillydude captured these snapshots (#1 , #2 , #3 , #4 & #5 ) of 856 courting who(?) (p 06/22/2020 17:39 ).:

6/22/2020 video by mckate, 856 and 402 fishing in the riffles.

22_Jun_2020_402_and_856_Fish_the_Riffles,_video_by_mckate

22 Jun 2020 402 and 856 Fish the Riffles, video by mckate

6/22/2020, 856 courts 402, video by mckate.

22_Jun_2020_856_Courts_402,_video_by_mckate

22 Jun 2020 856 Courts 402, video by mckate

402 on the lip, 856 in the jacuzzi, 6/22/2020 video by mckate.

22_Jun_2020_The_King_and_Queen_Take_Their_Thrones,_video_by_mckate

22 Jun 2020 The King and Queen Take Their Thrones, video by mckate

6/22/2020 video by Ratna Narayan.

856_and_his_interest_june_22nd_2020,_video_by_Ratna_Narayan

856 and his interest june 22nd 2020, video by Ratna Narayan

6/22/2020 video by Ratna Narayan.

856_and_402..._the_saga_continues_June_22nd_2020,_video_by_Ratna_Narayan

856 and 402... the saga continues June 22nd 2020, video by Ratna Narayan

6/22/2020 video by Ratna Narayan.

Courting_bears_856_and_????_june_22nd_2020,_video_by_Ratna_Narayan-0

Courting bears 856 and ???? june 22nd 2020, video by Ratna Narayan-0

6/22/2020 video by Lani H.

856_courting_(???)_6_22_2020,_video_by_Lani_H

856 courting (???) 6 22 2020, video by Lani H

6/22/2020 video by Lani H

856_eating_and_in_the_J_then_courts_402_6_22_2020,_video_by_Lani_H

856 eating and in the J then courts 402 6 22 2020, video by Lani H

6/22/2020 video by Lani H.

402_on_the_lip_and_856_in_the_J_6_22_2020,_video_by_Lani_H

402 on the lip and 856 in the J 6 22 2020, video by Lani H

6/22/2020 video by Birgitt.

402_Takes_the_Lip_856_in_J_2020-06-22_01-04-32-701,_video_by_Birgitt-0

402 Takes the Lip 856 in J 2020-06-22 01-04-32-701, video by Birgitt-0

2020.06.24: 151 Walker approaches 402 and 856 runs from the J to chase him off, 6/24/2020 video by Lani H.

151_Walker_approaches_402_and_856_runs_from_the_J_to_chase_him_off_6_24_2020,_video_by_Lani_H-1

151 Walker approaches 402 and 856 runs from the J to chase him off 6 24 2020, video by Lani H-1

856 spots 151 Walker approaching 402 and takes off like a freight train, 6/24/2020 video by mckate.

24_Jun_2020_856_Spots_151_Approaching_402,_video_by_mckate-1

24 Jun 2020 856 Spots 151 Approaching 402, video by mckate-1

2020.06.25: 856 on the Brooks Falls Low View Cam gif created by Blair-55 (p 06/25/2020 13:44 ).:

(Wiki wouldl not permit the gif to be uploaded 2020.06.25 15:20 ~ LTC)

2020.06.26: Cruiser created this video of 856 courting 402.:

856_and_his_love_402_BF_06_26_20_by_Cruiser_(856_courting_402)-1

856 and his love 402 BF 06 26 20 by Cruiser (856 courting 402)-1

856 takes a break from courting 402, 6/26/2020 video by Birgitt.

856_Takes_a_Break_From_402_2020-06-26_21-23-52-042,_video_by_Birgitt-0

856 Takes a Break From 402 2020-06-26 21-23-52-042, video by Birgitt-0

2020.06.27: 856 breaks up a discussion between 747 and 83 Wayne Brother, 6/27/2020 video by Lani H.

2020.06.28: 856 tells Popeye to back off the lip, 6/28/2020 video by Naomi Boak (aka Ranger Naomi Boak).

Stay_away_from_my_jacuzzi._856_tells_Popeye_what_for.

Stay away from my jacuzzi. 856 tells Popeye what for.

856 tells 634 Popeye to back off the lip, June 28, 2020 video by Naomi Boak (aka Ranger Naomi Boak)


July 2020:

2020.07.01: 402 and 856 came in like wrecking bears, 7/1/2020 video by Lani H.

402_and_856_came_in_like_wreaking_bears_7_1_2020,_video_by_Lani_H

402 and 856 came in like wreaking bears 7 1 2020, video by Lani H

2020.07.04: 856 (right) displaces 747 (left) and 480 Otis (far left at 0:22), 7/4/2020 video by Naomi Boak (aka Ranger Naomi Boak).

856_Displaces_747_&_480_Otis

856 Displaces 747 & 480 Otis

856 displaces 747 and 480 Otis, July 4, 2020 video by Naomi Boak (aka Ranger Naomi Boak)

Naomi Boak (aka Ranger Naomi Boak) recorded a 2nd 7/4/2020 video of 747 left and 856 right. "Nothing says dominance like a look and a nod from Bear 856."

A_Little_856_Drive_By_7_4_2020

A Little 856 Drive By 7 4 2020

856 (right) gives 747 (left) a look and a nod as he walks by, July 4, 2020 video by Naomi Boak (aka Ranger Naomi Boak)


2020.07.06: Wolf fishes the lip with 856 in the jacuzzi, 7/6/2020 video by Lani H.

Wolf_fishing_the_lip_with_856_in_the_J_7_6_2020,_video_by_Lani_H

Wolf fishing the lip with 856 in the J 7 6 2020, video by Lani H

2020.07.07: 482 Brett smacks 856 on the face, 7/7/2020 video by Hey Princess.

482_Brett_smacks_856_on_the_face,_video_by_Hey_Princess

482 Brett smacks 856 on the face, video by Hey Princess