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474 PIC 2015.09.xx 2017 BoBr PG 74 FOR WIKI PROFILE

474 September 2015 NPSphoto

Adult Male

Year First Identified:  2014 as an adult male

Offspring Of:  Not known at this time

Darting Attempts:  474 was successfully darted by Ranger Michael Saxton in October 2017.   There were no darting attempts, successful or unsuccessful, of 474 by Ranger Michael Saxton in 2016.


Identification:

474 is a medium-sized adult male bear with a dark, smooth looking face. His ears are light tipped and his coaat is dark brown with longer fur on his back and neck.

Distinctive Behaviors:

474 is another bear only seen at Brooks River in the fall.  Like most bears in September and October, he tends to fish the cut bank and lower riverarea, although he typically doesn't fish the mouth of the river with many people present.  Many bears like 474 are only seen in the fall and typically fish the cut bank area. These bears, when observed closely, are not usually tolerant of the close proximity of people.

Life History:

2014:

474 was initially observed during official bear monitoring sessions in 2014 and  classified at that time as an adult male.

September 2014:

October 2014:

2015:

NOTE:  In early to mid September 2015 when 474 was observed, he was initially misidentified as 45 Tatonka.  With additional observations and comparisions to prior season photos, it was determined that the fall 2015 bear originally believed to be 45 Tatonka was actually 474. 2015.0?.??:  474 and 89 Backpack play fighting in this video by ytb53151:

Brown Bears "wrestling" - Brooks Lodge 2015 474 & 89 Backpack video by ytb53151

Brown Bears "wrestling" - Brooks Lodge 2015 474 & 89 Backpack video by ytb53151

September 2015:

2015.09.01:  Could this be 474 that was observed on September 1, 2015?  Cam viewer snapshots:

2015.09.11:  08:25 - 08:30:  474 Explore Recorder video :

Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-11-2015 09 25 45 - 09 30 41

Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-11-2015 09 25 45 - 09 30 41

08:51 - 08:55:  474 Explore Recorder video :
Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-11-2015 09 51 01 - 09 55 58

Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-11-2015 09 51 01 - 09 55 58

2015.09.14 15:07 - 15:12:  474 Explore Recorder video :
Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-14-2015 16 07 42 - 16 12 37

Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-14-2015 16 07 42 - 16 12 37

2015.09.15 11:46 - 11:51:  474 and 89 Backpck play fight Explore Recorder video :

Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-15-2015 12 46 11 - 12 51 07

Brooks Falls - Katmai National Park, Alaska Cam 09-15-2015 12 46 11 - 12 51 07

2016:

474 was included in the 2016 Bears of Brooks River book on page 71:

August 2016:

2016.08.24 07:5?:  Could this be 474 that has a confrontation with 747 in this video by Mickey Williams?:

7 5? 082416 747 and ??? fight video by Mickey Williams

7 5? 082416 747 and ??? fight video by Mickey Williams

2016.08.28 17:30:  Could this be 747 chasing 474 again in this video by Mickey Williams?:

5 30pm 08.28

5 30pm 08.28.2016 747 chases 474?? again video by Mickey Williams

2016.08.29 07:17:  Could this be 474 in this video by Mickey Williams?:

7 17 am 08.29

7 17 am 08.29.2016 474??? catching fish at the falls video by Mickey Williams

2017:

474 was included in the 2017 Bears of Brooks River book on page 74:

September 2017:

Park visitor and cam viewer Melissa Freels observed and photographed 474 duing her September 2017 trip to Brooks Camp.  

2017.09.06 Approximately 12:00:  474 and 151 Walker interaction, 32 Chunk moves from the jacuzzi to the area of 474 and 151 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):

151 Walker, 474, & 32 Chunk 2017.09

151 Walker, 474, & 32 Chunk 2017.09.06 12 00 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

2017.09.09:  

474 and 32 Chunk fight: September 9, 2017 play-by-play (video by Brenda D) with Ranger Becca that includes the fight between 474 and 32 Chunk:

09.09

09.09.2017 - Ranger Becca Play by Play at Brooks Falls video by Brenda D-0

Explore highlights video of the fight between 474 and 32 Chunk:

Bear 32 and 474 Fight! - September 9, 2017 Highlights video by Explore

Bear 32 and 474 Fight! - September 9, 2017 Highlights video by Explore

474 and 32 Chunk fight September 9, 2017 video by angerbodha, includes views from Brooks Falls and Riffles live cams:

32 Chunk and 474 fight, 480 Otis gets in close, Brooks Falls 09.09

32 Chunk and 474 fight, 480 Otis gets in close, Brooks Falls 09.09.2017 video by angerbodha-0

474 and 32 Chunk fight September 9, 2017 video of the view from the Riffles cam by Martina:
2017-09-09 fight Riffles view 474 and 32 Chunk video by Martina-0

2017-09-09 fight Riffles view 474 and 32 Chunk video by Martina-0

Birgitt's 9/9/2017 video of the 474 and 32 Chunk fight from the riffles cam.

The 32 Chunk & 474 Fight from the Riffles Cam 2017-09-09 21-29-08-879, video by Birgitt-0

The 32 Chunk & 474 Fight from the Riffles Cam 2017-09-09 21-29-08-879, video by Birgitt-0

At approximately 11:32 am Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA) captured this video of the confrontation between 32 Chunk and 474:

32-474 Confrontation 2017 09 09 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

32-474 Confrontation 2017 09 09 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

At approximately 17:02 Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA) captured this video of the encounter between 474 and 32 Chunk:
474-32 Encounter 2017 09 09 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

474-32 Encounter 2017 09 09 by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

19:46:  Mike Fitz comments about the fight between 474 and 32 Chunk:

"These events provide another opportunity for us to contemplate competition and toughness of brown bears.

The hierarchy on the river has shuffled again with more large adult males using the falls at the same time. I visited Brooks Camp earlier this week and was able to see 747, 474, and 32 Chunk. When I was at the river, these bears were usually separated in time and space. I didn’t see them commingle much at all, except for one interaction between 747 and 474 where 474 appeared to avoid the approach of 747. Based on that and videos of 32, 4747, and 747 from the bearcams, here’s the hierarchy as I currently see it:
747 > 474 > 32

68 is also very large and quite capable of maintaining access to fishing spots along with the largest adult males. However, I did not witness him interacting with 32, 474, or 747 so I am unsure where he sits in the hierarchy. It’s reasonable to assume, based on his size alone, that he ranks at least as high as 32.

474 “won” the fight with 32 from my perspective. 32 appeared to encroach on 474’s space, even lunging toward 474.

Instead of yielding, 474 decided to physically engage 32 and he quickly gained the advantage, biting into 32’s shoulder hump. 474 then disengaged, slowly moving away to fish, while 32 sat still and watched him.

Fights like this remind me of the toughness of bears. If a human were in 32’s place, he or she may have likely received life threatening injuries, but 32 Chunk just walked away. In fact, he seemed to show no outward signs of injury when he walked under the cam afterward.  See LaniH's snapshot here 

Intense fights among bears at Brooks Falls are relatively rare in early summer and even more so in late summer and fall when salmon can be scavenged throughout the lower half of Brooks River. This year silver (coho) salmon appear to be more abundant than average (nearly every salmon I saw bears catch at the falls was a silver salmon). Silver salmon are usually larger than the more abundant sockeye salmon and their run is later in the summer so right now they are probably richer in calories than the sockeyes who have spent weeks in fresh water without eating. Fishing at the falls now may give bears even more opportunities to get fat.

As we’ve witnessed, fishing in close proximity to your competitors though is risky. 32 Chunk’s reign at the very top of the hierarchy was short lived. However, he remains a very large adult male, one of the fattest on the river. While he seem to have free reign in July and August, he now faces stiffer and more challenging competitors this fall."

When Mike Fitz was asked:  "How often during your time at Brooks did you see another adult male like Otis approach two equally large males that were fighting?"

Mike's reply: 

"It's not a common sighting, but in the video of the fight Otis wasn't the only bear to approach. The other bears near the far pool--503, 68--approached the fight as well. I don't have a good explanation for this behavior. Perhaps it was curiosity or they sensed one or both bears could be vulnerable to getting displaced if they approached. I'm not sure."

Mike Fitz was asked : "Thanks Mike what are your thoughts on Otis reaction to the fight near him?" 

Mike's reply:

"I'm not sure why Otis approached, but I don't think it was to referee or otherwise intervene. 68 and 503 also moved close to the fight. Maybe they were curious and defensive at the same time?"

Flyer 7474 also captured video of a confontation between 474 and 747 on 9/9/2017. "Bear 747 has two confrontations with 474. One at the Falls and one in the Riffles."

747-474 Confrontation 2017 09 09, video by flyer 7474

747-474 Confrontation 2017 09 09, video by flyer 7474


Cam viewer and park visitor, Cheri's Random Currents blog about the 474 and 32 Chunk fight ,  On March 9, 2018 Cheri also shared these September 2017 photos of 474 :  Photo #1 and Photo #2

2017.09.10: 

Approximately 10:58:  747 confronts 474 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):

Bear 747 Confronts Bear 474 2017.09

Bear 747 Confronts Bear 474 2017.09.10 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

Approximately 11:38:  480 Otis confronts 474 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):
480 Otis Confronts Bear 474 2017 09 10 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

480 Otis Confronts Bear 474 2017 09 10 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

2017.09.18 14:14:  32 Chunk confronts 474 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):
32-474 Confrontation 2017 09 18 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

32-474 Confrontation 2017 09 18 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)



Exolore video of the 474 and 32 Chunk 9/18/2017 confrontation.

474 And 32 Fight - Katmai National Park - Live Cam Highlight 9 18 2017

474 And 32 Fight - Katmai National Park - Live Cam Highlight 9 18 2017

2017.09.22:  474 and 32 Chunk video by Brenda D:

09.22

09.22.2017 - 474 and 32 Chunk in the Far Pool and Above the Falls video by Brenda D

2017.09.23:  474 video by Brenda D:
09.23

09.23.2017 - 474 Leaning on the Rock video by Brenda D

2017.09.28:  32 Chunk follows 474 down river video by Brenda D:
09.28

09.28.2017 - 32 Chunk Follows 474 Down River video by Brenda D

October 2017:

In October 2017, Ranger Michael Saxton traveled to Brooks Camp to attempt additional darting of the bears of Brooks River.  Ranger Saxton successfully darted 474 during this trip.

2017.10.03 11:15:  474 clears the falls video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):

474 Clears the Far Pool 2017 10 03 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

474 Clears the Far Pool 2017 10 03 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

2017.10.05 12:46:  474 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):

474 At Brooks Falls 2017 10 05 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

474 At Brooks Falls 2017 10 05 video by Flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA)

2017.10.18:  474 an eagle and a magpie, 10/18/2017 video by flyer 7474.

474, An Eagle and a Magpie 2017 10 18, video by flyer 7474

474, An Eagle and a Magpie 2017 10 18, video by flyer 7474

2018:

2018 season:  

 JG shared these snapshots of 474 from 2018, #1 and #2.

August 2018:

2018.08.31:  910 spots 474 in the lower river area and limps off video by Birgitt Evans:

910 Spots 474 & Limps Off 2018-08-31 22-52-49-911 by Birgitt Evans

910 Spots 474 & Limps Off 2018-08-31 22-52-49-911 by Birgitt Evans

2019:  Adult Male

2019 season:

GreenRiver created this video of 474 which includes footage from 2017 and 2019. 
Journey’s End, Bear 474 of Brooks River, video by Green River

Journey’s End, Bear 474 of Brooks River, video by Green River

September 2019:

2019.09.14:  Bonnie Hankins (aka NutsBoutBears) captured this photograph of 474 (p 12/17/19 15:39 ). Bonnie Hankins shared this 9/14/2019 photo of 474 on 5/6/2020. Bonnie Hankins (aka NutsBoutBears) shared this 9/14/2019 photo of 474 on 5/26/2020.

Please request Bonnie Hankins' (aka NutsBoutBears) permission prior to using her photographs!

Mckate captured 9/14/2019 video of 474's fall arrival. "What a magnificent fellow. He stopped for about two whole seconds to assess the new bridge then sailed right underneath."

14 Sep 2019 Fall Bear 474 Arrives, video by mckate

14 Sep 2019 Fall Bear 474 Arrives, video by mckate

Scooch shared these 9/14/2019 photos of 474 in chat on 6/11/2020, #1 and #2.

Please request Scooch's permission prior to using her photographs! 

2019.09.15:  Scooch captured these photographs (#1 , #2 , #3 & #4 )  of 474 during her trip to Brooks Camp (p 03/13/2020 01:49 ).  Scooch also located this snapshot a cam viewer captured around the same time.:

Please request Scooch's permission prior to using her photographs! 

October 2019:

2019.10.01:  KCanada shared this snapshot of 474 (p 12/16/19 15:21 ).:

Mckate captured this 10/1/2019 video of 474 taking a break in the far pool.

1 Oct 2019 474 Takes a Break, video by mckate

1 Oct 2019 474 Takes a Break, video by mckate

Birgitt also captured 10/1/2019 video of 474 sleeping on a rock.

474 Sleeping on a Rock 2019-10-01 22-22-31-735, video by Birgitt

474 Sleeping on a Rock 2019-10-01 22-22-31-735, video by Birgitt

2019.10.03:  474 stays above the fray, 10/3/2019 video by mckate.

3 Oct 2019 474 Stays Above the Fray, video by mckate

3 Oct 2019 474 Stays Above the Fray, video by mckate

2020:  Adult Male

For future use.

Known Courting & Mating:

Add here

Known Relatives:

There are no known relatives of 474 at this time.

Darting Attempts:

2016:

There were no darting attempts, successful or unsuccessful, by Ranger Michael Saxton in 2016.

2017:

474 was successfully darted by Ranger Michael Saxton in October 2017,

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