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415 GIF 2012 NPS PHOTOS XANDER-SAGE 2019.05.17

415's NPS photos from the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook; gif created by Xander-Sage

Adult Female ~ No Longer Seen

Year First Identified:  2001 as a Young Adult

Year Last Observed:  2012 

Known Offspring Of:  Unknown at this time

Known Litters of Cubs:  3 (not 2)

Genetics Study Samples Obtained:  Unknown at this time


Identification:

2010 Bears of Brooks River book:  A medium-small adult female, 415 has a brown, uniform coat and a short straight muzzle. She has no distinctive scars.  

2015 Bears of Brooks River book:  This was a medium-small adult female. 415 had a uniformly brown coat and a short straight muzzle. She had no distinctive scars.

Distinctive Behaviors:

2010 Bears of Brooks River book:  415 isn’t easy to identify by appearances alone.  Pay close attention to her behavior.  She almost continuously bobbles her head when fishing the lip of the falls.  She is very aggressive with other bears when fishing the lip of the falls. Even with her small stature, she will often back down larger male bears to retain her preferred fishing spot. In the fall she has been seen chasing 480 Otis out of the far pool. 

2015 Bears of Brooks River book:  415 wasn’t easy to identify by appearances alone. Her behavior, more than her physical features, was the key to identifying her. She was very aggressive with other bears when fishing the lip of the falls. Even with her smaller stature, she would often force larger bears to back down to retain her preferred fishing spot. She was even seen chasing 480 Otis out of the far pool. When fishing for salmon on the lip of the falls, she almost continuously bobbled her head.

Life History:

2002:  Young Adult Female, 1st Year Classified

415 was initially identified and classified as a young adult female in 2002.

June 2002:

2003:  Adult Female with 1 Spring Cub, 1st Known Litter, Cub Killed by 24 BB in Late June 

415 returned to the Brooks River with 1 spring cub, her 1st known litter.  On June 27, 2003, 24 BB (aka Bald Butt) killed 415's spring cub on the point of the beach in front of Brooks Camp.  

After losing her cub to infanticide, 415 went back into estrus and mated.

2004:  Adult Female with 2 Spring Cubs, 2nd Known Litter

415 returned to the Brooks River with 2 spring cubs, her 2nd known litter.

July 2004:

2005:  Adult Female with 2 Yearlings

415 had 2 yearlings in 2005

2006:​​  Adult Female

July 2006:

2007:  Adult Female

September 2007:

2008:  Adult Female

September 2008:

2010:  Adult Female

415 was included in the 2010 Bears of Brooks River book on page 35.:

July 2010:​​​​

July 2010:

2010.07.03:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 415.

2010.07.08:  Ranger Jeanne's photos (#1 , #2 , #3 & #4 )  of 415.

2011:  Adult Female

July 2011:

2011.07.01:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 415.

August 2011:

​​​2012:  Adult Female with 3 Spring Cubs, 3rd Known Litter, Year Last Observed

415 was included in the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook:

​​​​​2012 Season:

415 returned to Brooks River with 3 spring cubs, her 2nd known litter.

July 2012:

2012.07.19:  415 with her 3 spring cubs can be seen at the falls in the beginning of this video by mouzzer.  Note:  409 Beadnose and her 3 spring cubs in the lower river area at the 4:34 mark and are the thumbnail for this video.:

Brooks Falls, Katmai NP, Alaska video compilation 19-07-2012 by mouzzer

Brooks Falls, Katmai NP, Alaska video compilation 19-07-2012 by mouzzer

​​​​​2013:  Information Only, 415 Last Observed in 2012

July 2013:

415 was not observed in July 2013.

2014:  Information Only, 415 Last Observed in 2012

415 was included in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book on page 38.:

2015:  Information Only, 415 Last Observed in 2012

415 was included in the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book on page 85:

415 does appear in subsequent editions of the Bears of Brooks River books.  Her information and photos are the same as in the 2015 edition of the book.:

2016 Bears of Brooks River book on page 95:

2017 Bears of Brooks River book on page 99.: 2018 Bears of Brooks River book on page 104.:

Fun Facts About 415:

  • 415 has been observed chasing 480 Otis out of the far pool (aka 480 Otis' office).
  • 415 could be considered the female version of 6 Headbob
  • 415 would fish the falls with spring cubs.
  • 814 Lurch nearly pushed 415 off the falls on July 8, 2010.
  • Ranger Tammy Carmack said that 415 was one of the most successful fishers she has ever observed.

Known Courting & Mating:

Add here

Known Litters of Cubs:

1st Known Litter, 1 Spring Cub, Cub Killed by 24 BB on June 27, 2003:

2003:  1 Spring Cub, 1st Known Litter, Cub Killed by 24 BB on June 27, 2003

In 2003, 415 returned to the Brooks River with her 1st known litter, 1 spring cub.  On June 27, 2003, 24 BB (aka Bald Butt) killed 415's spring cub on the point of the beach in front of Brooks Camp.  

After losing her cub to infanticide, 415 went back into estrus and mated.

2nd Known Litter, 2 Spring Cubs:

2004:  2 Spring Cubs, 2nd Known Litter

415 returned to the Brooks River with her 2nd known litter, 2 spring cubs.

2005:  2 Yearlings

415 had 2 yearlings in 2005.  There is information on the Known Litters of Cubs page that states that one of these offsprings was male and the other, the larger of the two, was female.  The origin of the information about the sex of those offspring is not known.  

3rd Known LItter, 3 Spring Cubs:

2012:  3 Spring Cubs, 3rd Known Litter, Last Year 415 was Observed

415 returned to the Brooks River with 3 spring cubs, her 3rd known litter.  415 was last officially observed in 2012.

Known Relatives:

There are no known relatives of 415 at this time.  

Genetics Study Samples Obtained:

If genetics study samples were obtained on 415, they would have had to have been obtained by former KNP&P Wildlife Biologist, Ranger Tamara Olson.  That information is not available to us at this time.


A special thank you to KCanada for the NPS photos from the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook.

A special thank you to Xander-Sage for the gif created from the NPS photos in the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook.

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