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ONE-TOE 219 PIC 2008.10.xx BLEEDING FROM MOUTH THEN DIED

219 One-Toe October 2008 NPS photo 219 bleeding from mouth in Brooks River just prior to his death in the river. 219's body eventually washed into Naknek Lake and disappeared

Adult Male  (Deceased October 2008)

Year First Identified:  1997 as an adult male

Year Lasst Identified:  219 One-Toe was last identified / recorded in October 2008 when 219 was observed dying by bear biologists.

Offspring Of:  Unknown

Genetics Study Samples:  A successful genetics study sample was obtained from 219 One-Toe in either 2005 or 2006 when he was temporarily recorded as bear 492 .


Identification:

219 was distinctive and easily identified in mid-summer. He had numerous, large scars on his head, face, neck, and body. His claws were white and he was missing the outermost claw on his left front foot, hence his nickname. His coat in early summer was reddish-brown. In the fall, his coat turned dark brown covering most of his scars.

Distinctive Behaviors:

219 is another bear that apparently never habituated to humans and rarely approached the Falls Platform when people were present. Late summer and fall, he was sometimes seen in the lower river. He fished the riffles downstream of the Brooks Falls and regularly stole fish from other bears. Some of his scarring reflected this behavior.

Life History:

2006:

July 2006:

2006.07.19:  Park visitor Peter Thiemann captured photos of 219 One-Toe during his trip to Brooks Camp:  photo #1 & #2 .

October 2006:

2007:

July 2007:

2007.07.25:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 219 One-Toe.

October 2007:

2008:

July 2008:

October 2008:

In October 2008, during an event rarely seen, park biologists observed 219 One-Toe dying in the Brooks River from unknown but apparently natural causes. He was seen coughing up blood before he died in the river. His body eventually washed into Naknek Lake and disappeared.

2012:  Information Only, 219 One-Toe Deceased in October 2008

219 One-Toe was included in the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook.:

2014:  Information Only, 219 One-Toe Deceased in October 2008

219 One-Toe was included in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book on page 56.:

2015:  Information Only, 219 One-Toe Deceased in October 2008

219 One-Toe was included in the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book on page 79.:

219 One-Toe does appear in subsequent editions of the Bears of Brooks River books.  His information and photos are the same as the 2015 edition of the book.:

2016 Bears of Brooks River book on page 89.:

2017 Bears of Brooks River book on page 93.: 2018 Bears of Brooks River book on page 97.:

How 219 One-Toe Got His Nickname:

219 was missing the outermost claw on his left front paw.

Known Relatives:

Offspring:

Genetics / DNA studies revealed that 219 One-toe sired a disproportionately large number of the cubs.

2000:  Father of 236 Milkshake's Spring Cubs 604 Little & 608

DNA analysis confirmed that 219 is the father of 604 Little and 608

2004:  Father of 477 Sara's 3 Spring Cubs

In a 2005-2006 DNA study done by wildlife biologist Tamara Olson, paternity for these 3 yearlings was assigned to 219 One-Toe (identified with temporary bear ID # 492) .


Genetics Study Samples Obtained:

2005 or 2006:  Successfully Sampled by Wildlife Biologist Tamara Olson

A successful genetics study sample was obtained from 219 One-Toe in either 2005 or 2006 when he was temporarily recorded as bear 492 .

A special thank you to KCanada for the NPS photos from the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook.

A special thank you to Xander-Sage for the gif created of the NPS photos from the 2012 Brown Bears of Brooks Camp iBook.

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